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Stress

Overview

Stress - non-specific reaction to the action of extreme factors, some difficult to solve, or threatening situation. During stress the body produces the hormone adrenaline, the main function of which make the body to survive. Stress is a normal part of human life and is necessary in certain quantities. If our life was not stressful elements of competition, risk, willingness to work at full capacity, life would be much more boring. Sometimes the stress acts as a sort of call or the motivation they need to feel the fullness of emotion, even when it comes to survival. If the aggregate of these challenges and difficult tasks is very large, then the person's ability to cope with these problems are gradually being lost.

Anxiety state of mind and body associated with anxiety, stress and nervousness. In everyone's life there are moments when he feels stress or anxiety. In essence, anxiety helps people to cope with external threats, forcing the brain to work intensively and giving the body into a state of readiness for action. When the anxiety and fears begin to suppress the rights and influence his daily life, there may be so-called anxiety disorders. Anxiety disorders, including panic state, fear of losing their jobs, specific fears, posttraumatic stress, obsessive-compulsive disorder and general anxiety, usually begin to appear after the age of 15-20 years. Anxiety disorders are regarded as a chronic disease that can progress without treatment. At the moment there are effective methods of treatment.

Causes of stress

External sources of stress and anxiety: moving to a new residence, change of work, the death of a loved one, divorce, everyday troubles related to money problems, fulfillment of obligations by a certain date, disputes, family relationships, nevysypaniem.

Internal sources of stress and anxiety: the life values and beliefs, loyalty to one's word, self-esteem.

Symptoms of stress

Symptoms may gradually increase or appear suddenly, within a few minutes. Panic attacks usually last long, occur in the form of emotional explosions, accompanied by a feeling of horror, and reactions of the body such as increased heart rate and sweating. Generalized anxiety disorder usually develops gradually and is usually not a direct consequence of a particular irrational fear (phobia). The two main signs of stress and anxiety is uncontrollable anxiety and worry. Symptoms also include muscle tension, fatigue, irritability, restlessness, insomnia or sleep disorders, difficulty concentrating. Stress and anxiety can lead to panic attacks, which are characterized by pain or discomfort in the chest, heart palpitations, shortness, shallow breathing, feeling short of breath, breathlessness, fever, or sudden onset of fever, shivering, nausea, abdominal pain, numbness, or feeling tingling in the extremities.

Complications

Insomnia, headaches, back pain, constipation and diarrhea, alcohol, drugs, smoking, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, anxiety disorders, depression.

What you can do?

Learn how to cope with stressful situations, to use relaxation techniques such as deep even breathing. Give yourself plenty of time to recover from the stress. Exercise regularly. Thus, you will improve your health and well-being and increase your body's ability to respond to stress. Do not drink alcohol and narcotic drugs are permitted. Limit your intake of caffeine because it can enhance the manifestation of anxiety. Learn how to confront their fears.

After visiting the doctor: tell your friends about how you are going to be treated. Discuss this with your friends and family, explain what point in your life you are going through right now. If your doctor has prescribed medication, follow his instructions to receive them. When you feel better, maybe you'll be tempted to stop taking drugs. However, without a doctor's guidance does not stop taking drugs. Tell your doctor if you notice any side effects from medication. To evaluate your condition over time continue to visit a doctor during treatment. Keep in mind that most likely will need some time to come the effect of treatment. Before taking natural treatments for depression, insomnia, anxiety and stress, be sure to check with your doctor as some medications, nonprescription, can interact with other medications and cause serious side effects. Seek professional advice

What can a doctor?

Your doctor may give you oral advice to appoint sedatives and tranquilizers, if necessary, refer you to a psychiatrist or a mental health center.