OverviewUrination disorders - this whole group of symptoms, each of which may be indicative of serious problems of urinary system (including a kidney).
Causes of incontinence- Damage to the ureter, such as infections, the passage of ureter stone (urolithiasis), tumors,
- Weakness of the bladder,
- Weak muscles of the pelvis or the sphincter of the bladder,
- Delirium, Alzheimer's, Parkinson's disease,
- Atrophic vaginitis, urethritis,
- The use of certain medications,
- Excessive urine formation (eg, due to diabetes or congestive heart failure),
- Limited mobility (the patient is forced to comply with long-term bed rest),
- Damage to the nervous system (eg, spinal cord or brain),
- Male prostate enlargement due to prostatitis, BPH, or malignant tumors,
- Prolapse of the uterus in women, or the vagina shorter urethra (heredity),
- Infections of the urinary tract: bladder infections are often caused by the bacterium Escherichia coli, which normally inhabit the human gut, as recorded in the urinary tract during sexual intercourse or using a diaphragm. Such infections are prevalent in women, due to the peculiarities of the anatomical structure of the genitourinary system.
Infections are more common in men over the age of 50 years. The cause is usually an enlargement of the prostate, frequently occurring in older men, which causes a violation of the outflow of urine.
Symptoms- Frequent or strong urge to urinate, especially at night,
- Burning sensation when urinating,
- Pink or red urine (the presence of blood)
- Tension in the lower abdomen,
- Cloudy urine with a foul odor.
Sometimes urination disorders are not clinically apparent, but diagnosed by laboratory studies.
What you can do?As little as possible to use alcohol, caffeine, spicy foods, which can aggravate the symptoms of the disease. Drink at least eight glasses of fluid per day, preferably water.
Consult a physician. Do not self.
If these symptoms also have a high fever, with fever and chills, seek medical help (you may need hospitalization).
If your doctor has prescribed medication, take them exactly according to medical prescription.
What can a doctor?The physician must conduct a survey to establish the causes of the disease. The study may include urine analysis, ultrasound of the kidneys and bladder, in some cases - X-ray examination of the kidneys. Then the doctor will prescribe an appropriate treatment (including in the case of infection antibiotics), if necessary, hold additional consultations with specialists.
Preventive measuresPrevention of urinary incontinence:
- Do not hold urine, even if the bladder be empty when there is an urge to do so. At night, keep on hand a chamber pot,
- Dress so that the sudden urge to urinate clothing was simply removed,
- Try to go to the toilet at certain times to prevent the filling of the bladder,
- In order to avoid nighttime urination, try to drink as little as possible before going to bed,
- Avoid drinking alcohol, caffeine (tea, coffee)
- If you are a woman, perform Gymnastics Kegel to strengthen pelvic muscles. (Reduce the muscles, interrupting the flow of urine, and then repeat the exercise 10 times, and so three times a day).
- If you are a man, watch out for in order to urinate was completed (urine came out to the last drop).
Prevention of urinary tract infections lead to incontinence:
- Daily drink at least 6-8 - glasses of water,
- Empty your bladder every three hours during the day, even if a strong urge to this no,
- Go to the toilet before and after sexual intercourse,
- Wear clean, cotton underwear,
- If you are a woman, wiped up after using the toilet in the direction from front to back to prevent transfer of bacteria from the anus,
- If you have urinary tract infections, go to the diaphragm by any other means of contraception,
- Do not hold urine. Holding urine for long periods of time may reduce the ability of the bladder to the complete emptying, which increases the risk of infection,
- Take showers instead of lying in the bathroom. Avoid using bubble bath and other perfumed products for cleaning.