GeneralVomiting usually the result of infection of the gastrointestinal tract. In rare cases, it is associated with a bacterial infection, which is necessary to eliminate the medication. However, in most cases it extends itself for a few days. But vomiting can also occur in other diseases and conditions, some of which require medical intervention.
Causes of vomiting- Indigestion and irregularities in the intestines (infection, injury, poisoning, food allergies)
- The problems of the inner ear (dizziness, motion sickness)
- Disorders of the brain (head trauma, infections and tumors of the brain, migraine).
Symptoms of vomitingYou can handle yourself with vomiting associated with motion sickness, overeating, alcohol or lots of stress.
It is recommended to consult a doctor if vomiting occurs in patients suffering from diabetes or other chronic diseases, if the vomiting lasts for 48 hours.
What you can do?Adults are encouraged to rest the stomach. Do not eat or drink anything for at least 2 h. Once the nausea stops, you can start drinking, but gradually. It is best to drink water, low-fat soup, sweet tea or soda and non-carbonated mineral water. Drink often, but in small portions and sip. Not recommended for beverages containing caffeine, dairy products, citrus fruits, alcoholic beverages, as well as receiving acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) and ibuprofen. If vomiting does not last long and not too strong, you can not give any medicine. Vomiting itself should cease within a few hours.
After 6-8 hours you can start there. Choose a light meal porridge is best to water, low-fat soup, rice. Eat small meals and.
Within 1-2 days, avoid spicy and fried foods.
Children with severe vomiting, it is recommended to give every hour special solution to recover the amount of fluid in the body. Do not let the baby is very sweet, salty or acidic drinks. Need to drink a small amount of fluid in small sips. When the vomiting stops and the child will wake up your appetite, offer lean meats, yogurt, bananas, vegetables, rice, potatoes, bread, or any cereals. Usually vomiting in children does not lead to prolonged loss of appetite.
What can a doctor?The doctor can determine the cause of vomiting and fix it, write antiemetics, to send you to the hospital if necessary.
Preventative measuresAdults are encouraged to drink a small amount of sweet liquid that soothes the stomach to a sitting or lying position and relax. Physical activity increases the nausea and vomiting.
If you are traveling with children on the machine, put the child in the front seat so that he was looking through the windshield (not sideways). This will prevent motion sickness and nausea.
With a strong cough and high temperature let the children soft antipyretics. Children under 6 years of fever and cough often cause vomiting.
Plentiful food and drink, especially sweets and sodas, along with games or sporting activities in children often cause vomiting.