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Sore Throat

General

Acute inflammation of the throat causing hoarseness and a sharp discomfort when swallowing. In some cases, sore throat precedes the other symptoms of a viral or bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract.

The most common cause of sore throat is a throat inflammation of the posterior pharyngeal wall. Sometimes there is a chronic pharyngitis, when the disease is repeated regularly and unpleasant sensation in the throat persists for a long time.

One of the causes of pain in the throat may be sore throat (tonsillitis). Tonsillitis occurs when inflammation and swelling of the tonsils. Tonsils are located on the sides of the entrance to the throat. Tonsillitis is more common in children than in adults. In some cases, angina occurs several times a year for several years. In such cases we speak of chronic tonsillitis. Acute tonsillitis lasts from 4 to 6 days.

If laryngitis voice often becomes hoarse or husky, and sometimes even disappear for a while. This occurs because the vocal cords are not supplied with enough air. Hoarseness is not a disease, it's just a sign that the function of the vocal cords broken.

Causes of pain in the throat

- A bacterial infection of the throat (strep throat)
- A viral infection (pharyngitis)
- Allergic reactions
- Irritation (eg, cigarette smoke)
- Low degree of humidity
- Dry air.

Symptoms

When a viral throat infection usually develops dry cough (or with a small amount of light phlegm) may be a fever, runny nose, hoarseness.

If a bacterial infection increased submandibular lymph nodes (glands on the sides of the chin), the temperature above 38.3.

If you have a sore throat and fever, it is advisable to see a doctor. Be sure to call the doctor if the sore throat is very strong and the temperature does not decrease after two days of self-medication, you are very hard to swallow or painful to open your mouth, if the skin rash. If the sore throat is not pronounced, but it does not go for a week, and should see a doctor.

Complications

- Purulent tonsillitis;
- Rheumatic heart disease;
- Kidney disease.

What can you do to relieve a sore throat

- It is recommended to say as little as possible.
- Quit smoking if you smoke.
- Drink more warm fluid, preferably from 8 to 10 cups (water, juice, tea). Warm drinks softens the back of your throat.
- Gargle with special solutions or warm salt water.
- Suck antibacterial lozenges and cough drops to soften the throat.
- Take a pain reliever.
- If possible rest during illness. This helps your body to gain strength and fight the infection.

What can a doctor?

The physician should make a diagnosis and rule out other serious diseases, prescribe antibiotics to treat a bacterial infection, prescribe treatment complications.