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Shock - this is a serious condition, when the cardiovascular system is unable to cope with the blood supply of the body, usually associated with low blood pressure and damage to cells or tissue.

Causes of shock

The shock may be caused by the condition of the body when the danger is reduced blood flow, such as cardiovascular disease (heart attack or heart failure), with a large loss of blood (excessive bleeding), dehydration, when expressed as allergic reactions, or blood poisoning (sepsis). Classification of shock include: cardiogenic shock (associated with cardiovascular problems), hypovolemic shock (caused by low blood volume), anaphylactic shock (caused by allergic reactions), septic shock (caused by infections), neurogenic shock (disorders of the nervous system).

Shock is a life-threatening condition and requires immediate medical treatment are not excluded, and emergency care. The patient's condition at a shock can quickly deteriorate, be prepared for primary resuscitation actions.


Symptoms of shock may include a feeling of fear or excitement, cyanotic lips and nails, chest pain, disorientation, cool moist skin, reduce or eliminate urination, dizziness, fainting, low blood pressure, paleness, excessive sweating, rapid pulse, shallow breathing, unconsciousness, weakness.

What you can do?

First aid for shock

Check the victim's airway, if necessary, give artificial respiration.

If the patient is conscious and has no head injuries, limbs, back, lay him on his back, with legs should be raised by 30 cm, do not lift your head. If the patient is injured, in which the raised leg comes pain, then do not lift them. If the patient has received extensive damage to the spine, leave it in the position where found, without turning, and administer first aid, treating wounds and cuts (if any).

The person should stay warm, loosen tight clothing, do not give the patient anything to eat or drink. If the person is vomiting or drooling, turn his head to the side to ensure outflow vomit (only if there is a suspected spinal injury). If you still have suspected damage to the spine and the patient vomiting, you need to turn it, fixing the neck and back.

Call an ambulance and continue to monitor the vital signs (temperature, pulse, breathing rate, blood pressure) until help arrives.

Preventative measures

Prevent shock is easier than to treat it. Fast and timely treatment of the root causes will reduce the risk of severe shock. Emergency first aid will help control shock.