Fever / heat – this increase in body temperature above 37 degrees (when measuring the temperature in the axilla or mouth). The body temperature of a person usually rises when the body is fighting off bacterial, viral, or parasitic infection, but it can also be connected to other, non-infectious problems: injury, heat stroke, dehydration, and worsening of some chronic diseases. Fever is often accompanied by other symptoms: rapid breathing, heart rate, glassy eyes, congestion, and so on.
Causes the temperature rise
– Bacterial, viral or parasitic infections
– Heat stroke;
– Thyrotoxicosis (a toxic condition associated with an overactive thyroid gland)
– Exacerbation of chronic diseases (rheumatoid arthritis, renal diseases, etc.)
– Myocardial infarction,
– Acute abdominal disease;
– Some forms of cancer (e.g., lymphoma).
The symptoms of fever
– Redness of facial skin
– Headache, aching bones, unexplained good mood (euphoria)
– Shaking, chills, intense sweating;
– The feeling of thirst
– Rapid breathing
– Poor appetite;
– Confusion, delirium (delirium), especially in the elderly;
– Children may also be irritability, crying, feeding problems.
Sometimes fever may be accompanied by other symptoms associated with exacerbation of chronic diseases.
Need to call a doctor if children under the age of 3 months the temperature rose above 37.5, if the temperature is increased to 24 hours.
In children aged 6 months to 6 years, with a high temperature sometimes observed seizures. If your child has seizures such, be careful that it does not hurt, remove all hazardous objects close to him and make sure he is breathing freely.
If the child is accompanied by fever convulsions, stiff neck, rash, if at elevated temperature observed abdominal pain, you should seek immediate medical attention.
If the temperature is accompanied by swelling and pain in the joints, as well as a rash, especially dark red or in the form of large blisters, you should consult your doctor immediately. If you have any associated symptoms: cough with yellowish or greenish sputum, severe headache, pain in the ears, confusion, severe irritability, dry mouth, abdominal pain, rash, extreme thirst, severe sore throat, painful urination and vomiting, you should also seek medical advice. With increasing temperature, the body of a pregnant woman should also consult a doctor.
What you can do?
Try to relax, it is best to comply with bed rest, not in any way Kuta and do not dress too warm, drink plenty of fluids. Be sure to eat, but the best light and feeding well. Take your temperature every 4-6 hours Take antipyretic medicine if you have a headache or a temperature above 38 degrees.
If a child has a fever above 38 degrees, use acetaminophen (special children’s forms). Follow the instructions and read the appropriate dose based on the weight and age of the child. Do not allow children to acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin), as found that it can lead to Reye’s syndrome (Reye’s syndrome), a serious condition that can lead to coma and even death.
What can a doctor?
The physician should determine the cause of elevated body temperature, and assign the appropriate therapy. If necessary, assign an additional examination, and in cases of suspected serious illness sent to hospital.