GeneralDiarrhea - is loose stools. Diarrhea is not a disease but a symptom that may be caused by various reasons. Usually causes diarrhea quickly found out. Diarrhea, often accompanied by abdominal cramps, vomiting, or fever. In adults, diarrhea is rarely dangerous. The children of different ages and diarrhea in the elderly can cause dehydration, which may lead to serious consequences.
Reasons- The use of contaminated unboiled water
- Food Allergy or an Allergy to the drug;
- Food intolerances (such as lactose intolerance)
- A viral, bacterial or parasitic infection of the intestine (stomach flu, food poisoning, amebiasis)
- Stress, emotional disorders.The causes of chronic diarrhea may be:
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome;
- Crohn's disease (chronic inflammation of the digestive tract)
- Ulcerative colitis, a chronic inflammation or ulcers on the shell of the rectum and colon;
- Cancer of the rectum;
- Sprue (malabsorption).
SymptomsAdults can try to deal with the problem on their own, if there is too frequent stools, with no increase in body temperature and in good general health. Be sure to consult a doctor if the diarrhea appeared after a trip to Africa, Asia and other remote regions or if the cause of diarrhea is an exotic food, water from unknown sources, including reservoirs and wells. With a high body temperature, nausea, vomiting, blood in the stool, as well as the appearance of severe persistent abdominal pain (more than 2 hours), you should immediately seek medical attention.
- Dehydration (dry mouth and tongue, thirst, rapid breathing, urinating rare).
What you can do?Drink plenty of fluids, preferably warm or at room temperature (water, broth). Avoid alcohol, coffee, milk and fruit juices. If diarrhea in infants, continue to breastfeed. If bottle-fed cow's milk, replace with clean water. Need to drink in small portions, small sips.
Do not eat if you have no appetite, you feel like indigestion or stomach cramps.
When an appetite again, it is recommended to eat bananas, rice, the dried white bread, processed cereals (oatmeal, for example), potatoes, boiled or baked vegetables, lean meat in small amounts.
To complete normalization of the bowel, avoid fresh fruits, green vegetables, alcohol, fatty, spicy and fried foods.
Prolonged diarrhea, especially accompanied by weight loss, should seek emergency medical attention.
If necessary, you can use over the counter anti-diarrheal drugs for temporary relief of the state. However, these tools are not recommended for a long time, since they can increase the duration of diarrhea or cause more serious violations. (Beware! Products that contain salicylate, can temporarily stain tongue or a chair in a dark color).
Talk to your doctor if you think that the diarrhea may be associated with a drug that you are taking. Diarrhea is a common side effect of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), antibiotics and antidepressants.
Seek medical attention immediately if diarrhea lasts more than 2 days in children and more than 5 days in adults, as well as signs of dehydration, severe cramps or pain in the abdomen, with a dark, bloody or mucous stools. Infants and the elderly are at any of the above symptoms should be taken to the hospital.
What can a doctor?In most cases, diarrhea goes away on their own within 2 days. If a liquid diet does not help, your doctor may prescribe medications that slow down the activity of the intestines. However, these drugs are not recommended for children.
The physician must identify and eliminate the cause of the diarrhea. If necessary, refer you to the hospital for tests and treatment.
Preventative measuresWash your hands after using the toilet, changing your child, and before eating. Hands should be washed with warm water and soap. After cooking, especially if you were holding raw meat, be sure to thoroughly wash your hands.
Be careful with food. Unpasteurized dairy products, eggs, poultry and meat can contain bacteria that cause diarrhea and other gastrointestinal problems. Meat should undergo a full heat treatment. Wash your kitchen boards and knives. Do not eat unpasteurized dairy products, especially of unknown origin. Do not leave cooked foods warm for a long time, because it may trigger proliferation of dangerous bacteria.
If you have diarrhea, you should not work as a cook, waiter, etc. until the diarrhea has passed completely.
If you are traveling, do not drink tap water or any untreated water, especially of unknown origin. Drinking water is better-known manufacturers, packaged in bottles or cans. To purify the local water, it is necessary to boil for 15 minutes, you can also add a tablet or drops of iodine and chlorine, or use a special filter. When using chlorine and iodine tablets read the instructions carefully and follow it. Also, in any case you can not eat unwashed fruits and vegetables (preferably just wash them in clean water and very carefully, and even better to peel). Avoid such fruits such as melons, are often pumped water inside to increase their weight.