GeneralDehydration - is not enough fluid in the body, which affects its performance. The most dangerous and often there is dehydration (doctors have said dehydration) in the summer. When traveling in countries with a hot climate must be constantly aware of the possibility of developing this condition. But dehydration can occur as a consequence of different diseases and insufficient intake of fluids in the body.
Causes dehydration- Intense sweating;
- Acute diarrhea or severe vomiting
- Increased urine output (diuresis plentiful)
- Insufficient fluid intake, which may be caused by a loss of appetite or nausea.
Symptoms of dehydrationA sense of thirst is not a normal means of determining dehydration. If you really want to drink, it means that the body does not have enough fluid. The more correct indicator of the level of dehydration is the color and quantity of urine. If urine and is slightly dark yellow color, it means that the body lacks, and supplies liquid to make them.
The first signs of dehydration:
- Intense sweating associated with physical activity or high temperature;
- Small amounts of urine, excessive thirst, dry mouth
- Dark circles under the eyes;
- Reduced activity in children
- Fatigue in adults.
If the process progresses, you should seek medical help. More serious signs of dehydration:
- Lack of elasticity of the skin (the skin is slowly returning to its normal position, if it is to squeeze or pinch).
- Damage to kidney
- Shock (pallor, shortness of breath, cold sweat, clammy skin, drowsiness, rapid pulse, rapid but weak pulse, loss of consciousness)
- Dehydration can lead to death (especially in infectious diseases and in debilitated patients or children).
What you can do?You should drink plenty of fluids, with the exception of alcoholic beverages, to make special preparations containing salts (electrolytes), or solutions to recover the amount of fluid in the body (available in pharmacies).
Need to see a doctor immediately if the dehydration occurred in an infant or child under 10 years, as well as in severe bouts of uncontrollable vomiting. When signs of shock, call an ambulance or deliver the patient to the nearest hospital.
What can a doctor?The physician must identify and eliminate the cause of dehydration.
In severe dehydration step doctor should take you to the hospital for intravenous fluids.
Preventative measuresDehydration is easier to prevent than to cure.
To prevent dehydration sure to drink during the day, regardless of your activity level and your health.
At risk are primarily young children and the elderly are particularly at higher temperatures, nausea and diarrhea.
If you're sick, control the amount of fluid intake, drink more than usual.
Children sensitivity to high temperatures higher than in adults, therefore it is necessary to make sure that during exercise in hot weather children drink at least 150 g of water every 30 minutes. Adults during exercise in very hot weather you should drink at least a liter of liquid per hour.