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Convulsions can vary from mild to severe. With a weak attack of minimal symptoms manifestations, while a severe attack can cause loss of consciousness and sudden and acute muscle spasm caused by the electrical activity of the brain. Typically cramp extends from 30 seconds to 2 minutes. If convulsions last more, or having repeated attacks, thus the patient does not come to mind, a condition called status epilepticus. If this happens, the patient should immediately be taken to the hospital. Can not stop the spasm, if the attack has already begun. All you can do is protect the patient from injury and trauma that it may cause to himself, and as quickly as possible to provide medical assistance. Information on the number and duration of convulsions will be very useful for doctors.

Causes convulsions

Any weak or strong attack against a part of the brain.


Possible blackouts, confusion, snorting and puffing;
Convulsive twitching and tingling in parts of the body, urinary and / or fecal, brief loss of consciousness, particularly the state prior to epileptic convulsions, which has different manifestations: a sudden feeling of fear, nausea, numbness, dizziness. When expressed salivation, skimming breath, sudden fainting, loss of consciousness, sudden muscle spasms with twitching legs, the deflection direction of the eyes and head (eye deviation) need urgent medical help.

What you can do?

If you have witnessed convulsions, the main strategy of action is to attempt to prevent injury in a patient, try to keep it from falling, place the patient on the ground in a safe place, remove all sharp objects and furniture. If necessary, the patient should be recorded (straitjacket). Without limiting the patient's body movements, loosen the tightly buttoned clothing, especially around the neck. If vomiting has begun, try to turn his head to vomit poured out, and did not get into the lungs and trachea.

In infants and young children may be the result of spasm of the intense heat, use cool compresses and cool water, but do not immerse the child in a bath of cold water.

After the convulsions, many patients sleep tight, do not let them sleep. At the time of awakening the patient is likely to be disoriented, get close to regaining consciousness, or until the arrival of doctors. In the meantime, you should check the vital signs (heart rate, respiratory rate).

When the patient wakes up, ask him if there were ever convulsions before, and if he does not pass the examination is being indicated. Encourage the patient to take prescribed medication. If the patient has diabetes or is suspected diabetes, then you can give sugar (if the patient is unconscious, the sugar granules or liquid glucose).

What can a doctor do to treat convulsions

The doctor will raise the medical history and carry out a survey, and if necessary, will also direct for special studies, such as CT scan or MRI (magnetic resonance imaging), EEG (electroencephalogram), lumbar puncture, blood tests, X-ray examination. Prescribe the necessary drugs.

Preventative measures

Epileptics should always wear a tag or label ringing care. It is necessary to control the temperature rise in fever, especially in children.