Pain in the abdomen vary from dull to sharp or burning and shooting. Abdominal pain occur in different diseases and conditions.
Pain that occurs near the navel and moves to the right lower abdomen, appendicitis may indicate inflammation of the appendix (appendix intestine). In most severe cases, to remove the appendix need surgery. In advanced appendicitis appendix may burst. If you experience severe pain or tenderness in the right lower abdomen, abdominal pain when walking, nausea, vomiting or loss of appetite, fever, you should seek medical advice immediately.
Pain in the lower left part of the abdomen can be a symptom of diverticulitis. Diverticulitis occurs when the walls of the colon produces small spherical capsule called diverticula which are subsequently infected and inflamed. Among other symptoms of diverticulitis: fever, nausea, vomiting, chills, cramping and constipation. Diverticulitis treatment usually involves cleaning of colon inflammation and infections. The physician may prescribe antibiotics and / or anesthetics, the liquid diet and bed rest for several days. In some cases, the treatment of diverticulitis require hospitalization. In case of complications may require surgical intervention. The best way to prevent diverticulitis diet rich in fiber. Dietary fiber promotes proper digestion and reduce pressures in the colon. Gradually increase the amount of fiber in your daily diet, drink plenty of fluids. Help prevent diverticulitis timely bowel movements. The accumulation of waste digestive system entails an increase in pressure in the colon.
A sharp pain in the right upper quadrant, aggravated after eating, indicates that the defeat of the gall bladder. For diseases of the gallbladder are stones and inflammation of the gallbladder (cholecystitis). In the event of failure of the gallbladder complications may also have other symptoms along with pain in the peritoneum. These include: jaundice (yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes), high fever and chills. Sometimes people with gallstones do not experience any symptoms. If you regularly occurring pain in the right upper quadrant should see a doctor. With attacks gallbladder pain can handle several ways, from simply waiting (observation of symptoms for some time, the absence of any treatment) before the medicines and even surgery. Reduce the symptoms of gall bladder can also reducing the amount of fat in your diet.
Pain in the abdomen, relaxing after a bowel movement and is accompanied by diarrhea or constipation, may indicate that irritable bowel syndrome frequently encountered violations of the gastrointestinal tract, the cause of which is not yet established. In the event of irritable bowel syndrome intestinal wall is compressed too much or too little and sometimes too slow, and sometimes contrary too quickly. The symptoms of this disease include: bloating, flatulence, mucous stools, constant desire to empty the bowel.
With this syndrome can not be cured by surgical or medication. However, the deterioration can be prevented by drinking plenty of water, increasing the amount of fiber in the diet, reducing the amount of caffeine intake and increasing physical activity.
Acute burning pain in the upper and middle parts of the abdomen (between the breastbone and the navel) may indicate the presence of ulcers. An ulcer is a sore that forms in tissues of the stomach or upper intestine. Many causes of ulcers. May play a role smoking, taking aspirin, ibuprofen or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The ulcer may also occur if the stomach can not protect themselves from the potent gastric juice. Helicobacter pylori bacterium that lives in the stomach – can also cause ulcers. Stress and spicy foods do not cause the appearance of ulcers. The mere heartburn may not be indicative of the disease. Severe heartburn-like pain can also be caused by less serious disease gastroesophageal reflux disease.
In women, abdominal pain may indicate any problems with the reproductive system. Pelvic pain arising each month before menstruation, endometriosis can speak about a state in which the particles are moving tissue of the uterus through the fallopian tubes and ovaries in fall, pelvis, urinary bladder and other organs. Soreness in the lower abdomen can mean pelvic inflammatory disease (infection uterine, fallopian tubes or ovaries). In women of childbearing age ectopic pregnancy can also cause serious acute or stabbing pain in the peritoneum, accompanied by vaginal bleeding, irregular menstrual cycle and pain radiating to the shoulders. Ovarian and uterine fibroids can also cause abdominal pain in women.
Causes of abdominal pain
In most cases, abdominal pain caused quite common causes such as mood disorders, overeating or flu. However, these painful symptoms can be caused by more serious diseases. Clearly identify the cause of pain the doctor can only.
In case of poorly defined pain, appearing sporadically for less than 4 weeks, you can try to deal with the problem yourself.
It is recommended to see a doctor for pain, appearing sporadically for more than 4 weeks.
Needed urgent medical care under the following conditions:
– The pain, accompanied by fever, jaundice, dark urine, severe nausea or vomiting, light pasty stools;
– Sudden sharp stabbing pain in the abdomen, accompanied by vaginal bleeding, irregular menstrual cycles, pain radiating to the shoulders;
– Severe persistent pain in the peritoneum after injury;
– Very sudden severe pain that lasts more than 2 hours.
Needed urgent hospitalization with the appearance of the following:
– Abdominal pain, accompanied by sudden bright red rectal bleeding or vomiting of blood or a substance like coffee grounds;
– Dizziness, light-headedness, rapid pulse, cold clammy skin.
What you can do with abdominal pain?
Mild pain not associated with ulcer disease, diverticulitis or gallbladder disease can be treated at home. It should give the body enough time to rest. To ease the pain, take simple painkillers or antispasmodics (drotaverine, paracetamol). Do not use acetylsalicylic acid or other anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen. Avoid alcohol and caffeine.
Do not use laxatives and enemas do not put.
What can a doctor?
To determine the cause of the pain, your doctor may ask you the following questions: “Describe the pain you are feeling” (crampy, sharp or dull), constant or does it occur intermittently? At what point do you feel pain? At what point is there? How long? When pain occurs? (In the period of menstruation? Increases the pain after eating?) Most likely, you will need further examination.
The method of treatment will depend on the cause of pain in the abdomen