GeneralWhen a hernia, one or more loops of intestine out of the abdominal cavity through a weakened section of anterior abdominal wall, and formed a rounded protrusion. Depending on the location of the hernia can be hip or groin. Hernia can occur at any age. An inguinal hernia occurs in the region of the inguinal ligament, in the area where the front abdominal wall and connected to the thigh. This is the most typical location of the hernia. The femoral hernia usually occurs in women who are overweight and pregnant and is localized in the upper part of the thigh below the inguinal ligament.
ReasonsThe reasons for the occurrence of inguinal hernia include obesity, pregnancy, weight lifting, muscle strain during bowel movements. By hiatal hernia lead as obesity, pregnancy, and is also very dense, tight clothing, sudden physical effort, muscle tension, cough, vomiting or wounded in the abdomen.
Symptoms herniaWhen an inguinal hernia symptoms appear gradually and include the following: rounded protuberance slightly above the scrotum or inside it. Pain in the lower abdomen and scrotum. A feeling of pressure or weakening of muscles in the groin. Transient abdominal pain. Pain in the groin can dramatically increase.
When a hiatal hernia can not be seen any outward signs. However, sometimes it may be the reverse gastric contents into the esophagus, causing heartburn, indigestion, pain in the chest, belching and hiccups.
ComplicationsIf the infringement hernia contents of the hernia sac is compressed loop of intestine muscles of the abdominal wall, the narrowed blood vessels that feed the gut. Hernia incarceration is extremely dangerous because it leads to gangrene of the bowel disadvantaged.
What you can do?While inguinal hernias - try not to lift weights, as this muscle strain, and there is a lot of pressure in the abdominal cavity. You have to properly lift weights: when lifting heavy bend your knees, back of this should remain straight. Most of the work to carry out the leg muscles, not belly or back.
In the case of hiatal hernia: take antacids. Do not eat foods that may be irritating to the stomach lining. Raise the head end of your bed a few inches to prevent reflux of stomach contents back up into the esophagus. Optimally set foot on the head end of the bed 10 to 15-centimeter blocks. Recommend eating frequently in small portions. Do not take a horizontal position or lie down to sleep immediately after eating.
What can a doctor?Inguinal hernias are usually treated surgically with reduced muscular abdominal wall defect. In some cases, the contents of the hernia sac is squeezed (hernia incarceration), which is accompanied by a breach of its blood supply. The main symptom of a strangulated hernia is a rapidly increasing pain. Immediately to a hospital for help if you think you have hernia incarceration.
Hiatal hernia usually does not require treatment unless developing severe heartburn or inflammation of the esophagus. In this case, to address the causes of the disease your doctor may offer you surgery.