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Periodontitis

Overview

Periodontitis is called periodontal inflammation. Periodontium - a connective tissue that fills the narrow space between the tooth and the bone bed (jaw alveolar ridge). In the periodontium are nerves, blood and lymph vessels that nourish the tooth. The main functions of periodontal this absorbing and trophic. When chewing periodontal absorbs the load on the tooth and evenly distributes them to the bone.

There are acute and chronic periodontitis. Acute periodontitis is less common. This is explained by the fact that thanks to the outflow of the contents of long-term periodontitis can occur without any signs of illness due to the ongoing and evolving inflammation.

The causes of the disease

The most commonly develops as a result of periodontitis, periodontal infection. Depending on the pathways of infection and secrete interdental extradental (inside and outside the dental tooth) periodontitis. Interdental periodontitis is mainly a complication of untreated pulpitis. Extradental periodontitis develops as a result of the inflammatory process of transition from the surrounding tissue (osteomyelitis, sinusitis).
Also isolated traumatic and medical periodontitis. Medical periodontitis develops most often in the wrong treatment of pulpitis, when potent drugs or irritating materials fall into the periodontium (eg, pasta, containing arsenic, formaldehyde, phenol).

Symptoms

Periodontitis is manifested by sharp pains in the teeth, worse from touch to it. Swelling of the lips, cheeks, gums increased, the tooth is mobile. Sometimes the hole in the gum is found, which implies the pus. This fistula is channel, which was formed to drain the contents of the infected cavity.

Chronic periodontitis may be manifested in the form of unpleasant and weak pain (a feeling of heaviness, fullness, discomfort, pain when chewing stress on the tooth). Chronic periodontitis may be a long time and not be detected by chance on X-rays in the treatment of adjacent teeth.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis is by characteristic clinical picture in conjunction with X-rays. On examination the doctor may discover redness or swelling of the gums, sores from which pus may ooze.

What you can do?

If you have trouble toothaches, as soon as possible to visit the dentist. No need to endure the pain. Take a pain reliever, brush teeth and rinse your mouth. Under no circumstances do not try to warm the aching tooth. Increasing the temperature only increases inflammation.

What will help the doctor?

Treatment of periodontitis and may include prolonged up to 6-7 visits to the dentist. From the beginning the doctor treats the channel of the affected tooth and removes the infected tissue. Then injected into the channel, and anti-inflammatory antibacterial agents. Medications lay a few times until the inflammation subsided. Depending on the extent of damage and destruction of the tooth doctor will decide on the possibility of his recovery.

Prophylaxis

Prevention of periodontitis is a timely treatment of dental caries and pulpitis. Twice a year, should receive preventive dental examination.

Complications

In the absence of treatment of inflammation and infection can spread to nearby tissue with the formation of abscess, phlegmon, osteomyelitis of the jaw, sinusitis and other dangerous diseases.