OverviewHalitosis - is the medical term for an unpleasant smell from the mouth. With this very common, many of us face every day. Often, bad breath is a serious psychological problem and a barrier in communication between people. Halitosis can disturb a person permanently or periodically occur, for example, on an empty stomach or after eating. Due to lack of time or material resources, people often put off visiting the dentist for the long term, and try to drown out unpleasant smell different fragrances menthol or regular use of chewing gum. However, halitosis may be a symptom not only of dental diseases, but also various violations of the internal organs.
Causes of halitosisThe appearance of halitosis most commonly associated with oral hygiene status. Unpleasant smell in this case is due to waste products of bacteria that live in the folds of mucous membrane and teeth. If an incorrect oral hygiene the bacteria congregate in large numbers in the language in plaque and subgingival pockets. Proliferation of bacterial flora contribute to various diseases of the mucosa and dental systems, such as dental caries, periodontal disease, periodontal disease, gingivitis, stomatitis (including herpes). Another cause of bad breath is dry oral mucosa. It may be due to decreased saliva flow, a habit of sleeping with his mouth open, breathing through the mouth, smoking and alcohol intake. Bad breath occurs after taking the strong-smelling foods such as garlic, onions, coffee, and when smoked.
Halitosis can occur for the following diseases of internal organs:
- Respiratory tract infection: bronchiectasis, lung abscess;
- Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract such as gastritis, gastro, stomach ulcers, etc.;
- Chronic inflammatory diseases of the throat such as tonsillitis, rhinitis, etc;
- Hepatic failure (fishy odor);
- Renal failure, azotemia (the smell of ammonia or urine);
- Diabetic ketoacidosis (fruity sweet smell).