OverviewTemporo-mandibular joint (TMJ) is a pair and attaches the lower jaw to the skull. At this joint lies an enormous burden not only associated with the process of chewing, but with speech, mimic facial movements, etc. For various reasons, can develop dysfunction of the ANS, which leads to damage, inflammation, pain and other disorders. Such changes are widespread and occur in 515% of the population.
Causes of TMJ disorders- Various nerve irritation, stress;
- Bruxism (teeth grinding during sleep due to hypertonus chewing muscles);
- Arthritis, arthrosis and other joint diseases;
- TMJ injury;
- Errors of dentists, for example, an incorrect statement of the seal or not competent selection of a denture;
- Excessive exercise in practicing athletic sports.
Symptoms of TMJ- Pain in the temporo-mandibular joint;
- Aching pain in the ear;
- Limitation of joint mobility;
- Clicking or grinding noises when opening mouth or chewing;
- Pain and tension in the muscles of the head and neck, the occurrence of seals in the course of the muscles, painful on pressure;
- headache (apparently associated with a constant voltage of muscles that hold the lower jaw).