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Tuberculosis

Overview

Tuberculosis - a serious infectious disease, usually affects the lungs. Mode of transmission of airborne tuberculosis, especially high probability of infection with frequent contact with the patient. Tuberculosis susceptible to people with weakened protective forces of an organism (eg, young children, the elderly, the sick AIDS or HIV infection). If untreated, TB can lead to serious consequences. In children, the disease most often occurs in the form of the primary complex (form of the disease with moderate severity). With the right, completely spent treating a child can fully recover from the infection. However, relapse is possible and within a few years, especially during this time worse overall health and immunity. For more information about the primary complex, contact your pediatrician.

Causes of Tuberculosis

Infection with the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Tubercular symptoms

Bad cough lasting more than two weeks, chest pain, coughing up blood or sputum, weight loss, fever, night sweats, loss of appetite, weakness or fatigue, brownish-red painful subcutaneous nodules, mainly in the legs.

Complications

Extrapulmonary tuberculosis - the defeat of other organs (eg bone, brain, kidneys). Progressive lung disease, pleural effusion (accumulation of fluid between the lungs and chest wall), pneumothorax (air between the appearance of the lungs and chest wall), massive hemoptysis / bronchiectasis, obstruction of the intestine. In some cases - death.

What you can do?

Consult your doctor if you think you have TB. Take prescribed medications, not missing any doses. When you pause, or when medication too early may develop their cancellation drug-resistance tuberculosis. Allocate enough time to rest in a well ventilated area. Food should be enough calories and contain lots of vitamin C. Do not drink alcohol. Quit smoking. Exercise regularly. Tell your family and people in close contact with you about the disease and persuade them also to see a doctor.

What can a doctor?

Your doctor may order a survey to confirm the diagnosis of tuberculosis (eg, chest X-ray, skin test and sputum). Upon confirmation of the diagnosis of the doctor patient hospitalized for the treatment of diseases and prevention of possible complications, as well as to isolate the patient at a time until the patient is the source of infection. Designated anti-TB drugs must be taken daily for six months.

Preventive measures

BCG vaccination (BCG) at birth. Additional doses of vaccine can be introduced at the age of 12 or 16 years. Immunization of adults who are in close contact with patients with active tuberculosis.