Asthmatic status – is a severe attack of asthma, which is not normally docked effective in this patient bronchodilators
The term “atypical pneumonia” has appeared before the development of the last pandemic and has been used to describe lung disease caused by pathogens are not ordinary pneumonia. SARS pandemic that scared the whole world in 2002-2003, was caused by a viral agent. More accurately reflect the peculiarity of the disease throughout the world adopted the designation “severe acute respiratory syndrome” (SARS) and its English synonym for “Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome” (SARS).
When the bronchi become inflamed or bronchitis produce too much mucus in the lumen of the bronchus. Inflammation is usually caused by viruses (the same as those that cause acute respiratory infections, flu) or a secondary bacterial infection (infectious bronchitis). However, bronchitis may also occur by inhalation of substances that irritate the lungs. In asthma, or chronic sinusitis, as well as constant smoking, patients can often get sick with bronchitis. Bronchitis usually is not painful and usually causes no long-term disability disorders.
Diagnosis and treatment of pneumonia
Pneumonia – an inflammation of the lung tissue of an infectious origin. Pneumonia can cause bacteria, viruses, fungi and unicellular. Depending on the causative agent of change and symptoms and radiological picture and tactics of therapy. Pneumonia can be a one-sided, if only hit one lung, and bilateral. There are focal, segmental, fractional and total pneumonia.
Cough – is a reflex (uncontrollable) action aimed at protecting the lungs. Cough is the most common reason for seeking medical attention, especially in young children. In most cases, a cough is the result of non-hazardous and brief illness.
Pulmonary tuberculosis: diagnosis and treatment
Pulmonary tuberculosis is the most common form of tuberculosis. This is due to the fact that the main mechanism of transmission of tuberculosis – an air drop, and mycobacteria initially enter the lungs. It should be understood that it was patients with pulmonary tuberculosis are the main source of infection for those around them (smear).
Cystic fibrosis – a systemic hereditary disease that affects all the organs that secrete mucus: bronchopulmonary system, pancreas, liver, sweat glands, salivary glands, intestinal glands, sex glands. This is one of the most common hereditary diseases.
Acute bronchitis – an inflammatory disease of the bronchial tubes (bronchi), in which air is supplied from the environment into the lungs. Bronchitis occurs from exposure to the same pathogens that cause colds and upper respiratory tract infection.
Pneumonia – infection of the lungs, usually affects children under two years old, adults over 65 and people with weakened immune systems. Often the cause is bacterial flora, particularly Streptococcus pneumoniae. Bacterial pneumonia can develop after upper respiratory tract infections such as colds or flu. Approximately 50% of cases the causative agent of pneumonia is the virus. Viral pneumonia is more common in winter and is usually not a severe problem, as bacterial pneumonia.
Pneumothorax – the presence of air in the pleural cavity between the chest wall and lungs, caused by the wound of the chest wall or lung injury with one of the branches of the bronchus.
People usually say they caught the flu, while in reality the common cold sick. Doctors often diagnose acute respiratory viral diseases – SARS. And SARS, and influenza caused by viruses that are transmitted by airborne droplets.
Prevention of Tuberculosis
Tuberculosis is an extremely dangerous disease that had previously been considered incurable and kills millions of people. At the present time due to the introduction of mandatory vaktsionoprofilaktiki and the presence of a number of effective anti-TB chemotherapy people are able to control this disease. However, even now in Russia die from complications of tuberculosis more than 20,000 people a year. That is why it is important to follow all doctors’ recommendations regarding the prevention of tuberculosis in childhood and in adulthood.
Hyperventilation – a phenomenon that occurs with frequent shallow breathing, if breathing is produced in the upper chest, which leads to the fact that carbon dioxide levels in the blood decreases. That reduction of carbon dioxide leads to the fact that hemoglobin does not give oxygen and the body is suffering from hypoxia. A similar condition can occur when a very strong anxiety, fear or wanton bursts of emotion, and many other conditions or diseases.
Tuberculosis – a serious infectious disease, usually affects the lungs. Route of transmission of tuberculosis – airborne, especially high probability of infection with frequent contact with the patient. Tuberculosis susceptible to people with weakened protective forces of an organism (eg, young children, the elderly, people with AIDS or HIV infection). If untreated, TB can lead to serious consequences.
Emphysema refers to a group of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A significant prevalence of the disease, a progressive course, temporary disability and early development of the disability of patients with respiratory failure due to pulmonary heart disease and cause significant economic damage.