Schizophrenia is one of the most common mental illness, characterized by incremental changes in perception, thinking, social activity, speech, feelings and motivations. Despite many years of study and observation of doctors, schizophrenia, and to this day remains one of the most mysterious diseases. “Split personality”, which is often said in common, is a figurative term that appeared in connection with the phenomena of illogical thinking and behavior of the patient from the standpoint of ordinary people. Most often the disease begins between the ages of 15 to 25 years and has a progressive course.
The causes of the disease
Leading role in the occurrence of schizophrenia has a genetic predisposition. External factors (trauma, past illnesses, head injuries, etc.) are of secondary importance, acting only as an activator of psychopathological processes.
Symptoms of Schizophrenia
– Pseudo Hallucinations hearing (for example, someone puts the patient or his thoughts robs the patient of his thought);
– Delusions of control (something or someone acting in an unusual way, directing the thoughts, feelings, behavior or person endangering his health);
– Verbal hallucinations (the patient hears voices);
– Persistent, artsy nonsense (contact with aliens, the other world, etc.);
– Flattening, and the inadequacy of the depletion of emotions.
May also occur symptoms of catatonia (stupor, agitation), episodes of uncontrolled flow of thoughts, dissociation of speech, signs apathy-abulisity syndrome, a combination of lack of will with indifference, and loss of desire.
Diagnosis of schizophrenia
Diagnosis and treatment of schizophrenia involved a psychiatrist. In some cases, examination of the patient requires hospitalization in a psychiatric hospital. The diagnosis of “schizophrenia” is placed, as a rule, the duration of the disease for at least 6 months.
What you can do?
If any of your family suffers from schizophrenia, try not to push him, remember that all changes are a manifestation of the personality of the disease. If possible, keep an eye on the regularity of taking medications prescribed by your doctor. Unauthorized removal of or change the dosage of psychotropic drugs may lead to a deterioration of up to return to the previous symptoms.
What will help the doctor?
Unfortunately, the radical method of treatment of schizophrenia is still not there. Therapy appoint a psychiatrist, depending on the clinical picture, course and stage of disease. Treatment of acute attacks carried out in hospital. The prognosis of schizophrenia does not depend on the severity of the clinical picture, but from the response to treatment. In many cases, well-matched treatment allows the patient to work, have a family and to your former way of life.