Med USA News

Take care of your health

Eating Disorders

Overview

There are a number of eating disorders. They often lead to malnutrition and even starvation. Anorexia nervosa and bulimia is the most common eating disorder.

Anorexia nervosa is a disorder in which there is pathological fear of getting fat, a voluntary refusal of food and severe weight loss. This disorder is most often in adolescent girls and young women, and is often associated with the fashion for unhealthy thinness and popularity in the society of the image is very thin, almost emaciated girl. Anorexia nervosa is difficult to treat. About a quarter of anorexia nervosa and can not be cured. Anorexia can be fatal because of complete exhaustion or complications (up to a cardiac arrest).

Bulimia nervosa is a disorder in which people jumped on the food and then makes himself vomit or take laxatives. These attacks can occur several times a week or several times a day, depending on the severity of the disease. In contrast, patients with anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa patients often have normal weight.

Causes of anorexia

The causes of the disease are uncertain, but is usually associated with an obsessive fear of recover (obsessive desire to lose weight much), the proliferation of fashion for thinness among young people, psychological disorders (fear, guilt, depression), family history.

Symptoms

Anorexia

- Obsessive desire to lose weight, when a person is already lost a lot of weight;
- Aversion to food (loss of appetite);
- A huge loss in weight;
- Sometimes with anorexia may experience bouts of bulimia and (the man pounced on the food, eats and then vomits or takes laxatives);
- Excessive concern about their own weight. Patients with anorexia may weigh several times a day;
- Irritability, especially with regard to food;
- Obsessive craving for physical exercise;
- Dry, pale or sallow skin;
- Problems with the nails, Hair loss>;
- Constipation;
- Hypothermia. The body temperature is lowered, as in the body is not fat. On hands and feet may begin to grow fine hairs;
- In women amenorrhea or irregular menstruation.

Bulimia

- Obsessive fear to get better;
- Sometimes excessive leanness;
- People pounced on the food, eats and then vomits or takes laxatives. Depending on the severity of such attacks can take place once a week or several times a day;
- Continued to meet the different diets;
- Obsessive craving for physical exercise;
- Irritability, depression, until the desire to commit suicide in especially serious cases;
- Constant pain and burning in the throat due to excess acid;
- Dry mouth, tongue, dry skin, enlarged salivary glands (signs of dehydration);
- Chronic diarrhea or constipation;
- Irregular menstruation in women;
- Dehydration and nutritional deficiencies (especially potassium).

Complications

- Severe dehydration;
- Anemia;
- A variety of diseases (including infections), as emaciated body becomes vulnerable to bacteria and viruses;
- Damage to internal organs (heart failure, renal failure);
- Death from exhaustion.

What you can do?

Consult your doctor if you feel that you or any member of the family eating disorder.

What can a doctor?

The physician must confirm the diagnosis and determine appropriate treatment. Your doctor may refer you to a dietitian or a psychiatrist to recommend family therapy.
In severe cases, hospitalization offer.

Preventive measures

Eat a healthy diet. If you really need to lose weight, consult with a dietitian and work out a special program that includes diet and exercise. Clearly observe it, but do not do more than prescribed.