OverviewDepression is a serious psychological disorder, which often suffer from not only the patient but also his family. Most often, depression develops in the presence of stress or a traumatic situation for a long time. Often depressive disorders are hidden under the guise of a bad mood, character traits. In order to avoid serious consequences, it is important to understand how and why depression.
Causes of DepressionDepressive disorders can occur at any age and in representatives of all social groups. This is due primarily to the fact that the values of contemporary society exerts considerable pressure on the person. People tend to the social well-being, professional success, visual appeal. If you can not achieve this, a person can fall into despair, it is hard to experience failure, and as a consequence, become depressed. To depressive disorders may also lead and heavy trauma, such as the death of a loved one, family breakdown, breakup with a loved one, serious illness.
In rare cases, depression occurs for no apparent reason. Scientists suggest that in these situations play the role of particular neurochemical processes, in particular, the exchange of neurotransmitters (serotonin, norepinephrine, etc.).
Symptoms of depressionEmotional manifestations of depression are very diverse. These include feelings of anxiety, frustration, decreased self-esteem. A person suffering from depression, experiencing constant fatigue, sadness. It is no longer interested in what had brought him joy, becomes indifferent to others.
Changes and the behavior of patients. Depression may be suspected if a person loses the ability to deliberate action, can not concentrate. Sociable and cheerful person by nature, falling into a depression begins to avoid contact with friends, loved ones, "lock yourself in four walls". Often there is affection for alcohol, narcotic drugs.
Patients with depression is also characterized by some peculiarities of thinking. Thinking about yourself become negative, the person is recorded on the negative aspects of his life, feels useless, worthless, a burden for relatives. The patient was difficult to make decisions.
In addition to changes in the emotional sphere, for depression is also characterized by physiological (somatic) symptoms. Most often disturbed sleep and waking, there is insomnia. Appetite may disappear completely or, conversely, worsen and lead to overeating. Patients complain of pain in the heart, stomach, suffer from constipation. Markedly reduced energy reserve of the body, patients are rapidly overtaxing even with small physical and mental stress. Often there are disorders of the sexual sphere.
ComplicationsUnfortunately, alcoholism and drug addiction is often caused by depression. Alcohol and drugs make the patient a false sense of well being. Depression is also the basis of various social phobias (fear of losing a loved one, fear of being in a public place), and in severe cases can lead to suicidal thoughts and attempts.
What you can do?First of all, you need to know that depression can and should be fought.
If you find that any of your relatives has become too much to criticize itself, conflict with family members, colleagues, experiencing an unexplainable feeling of fear, he should consult a doctor. If the patient is diagnosed with depression, it is necessary to support, to try to cheer him up, even if he is not interested in it. Relatives of the patient must understand that depression is a transient state in which it is necessary to provide psychological help, not sinking in with the disease itself. Try to convince the patient that there is no fault of his that he became depressed. However, you can handle this serious condition.
What can your doctor?Left untreated, depression can last months or even years. The basis of treatment is the use of medication and psychotherapy.
Medications to treat depression (antidepressants) are selected individually for each patient and made a long time, for several months. Drug treatment will be successful if the patient strictly adheres to the recommended mode of taking the drugs.
The aim of psychotherapy to help people learn to regulate their own emotions. This treatment involves the active participation of the patient, his willingness to talk about their problems. All information received by a physician during a session of psychotherapy, remains a mystery.