OverviewAlcoholism - a disease that occurs as a result of addiction drink alcohol frequently and in excessive quantities. Alcoholics become addicted to alcohol. If you deprive them of the possibility of sharply drink, it can cause withdrawal syndrome that includes symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, anxiety, hallucinations, tremors, etc. Alcoholism violates brain activity and memory, impairs physical ability, a person begins to make unwise actions.
Causes of AlcoholismThere are many reasons for which people can become addicted to alcohol. It could be stress as a result of emotional conflict, bereavement (eg, death of someone close), the complexity of the work. Alcohol contributes to a depressive nature of the person with low self-esteem, dissatisfaction with their actions and deeds. What matters is the hereditary factor, as well as various environmental factors and culture.
Symptoms of AlcoholismThe abuse of alcohol affect a person's ability to make everyday decisions, makes it irresponsible. Alcoholics can not go to work or attend classes, they have difficulty in communicating. In the final stages of alcoholism, they are unable to care even about himself. The first signs of alcohol abuse may be suspected if the person:
- Drink alcohol to forget about all the problems
- Drinks in the morning or alone,
- In a state of intoxication can be harmful to themselves or others,
- Needs more and more alcohol,
- Out of control.
If you or your family have similar problems, try to see a doctor.
ComplicationsAlcoholics have changed the values, interests and social circle. The worst thing is that these changes are present not only in a state of intoxication, but in the sober light intervals. Complications of alcoholism include:
- Anxiety and depression, sometimes leading to suicide attempts,
- Loss of appetite,
- Cirrhosis of the liver, gastritis, cardiomyopathy, pancreatitis, psychosis, peripheral neuropathy (peripheral neuritis),
- Loss of fetal alcohol abuse during pregnancy. This syndrome is called alcoholic fruit, it includes birth defects and malformations, and impaired intellectual development in the future.
What you can doYou need to stop drinking alcohol. Seek support and help from relatives. They love you and want you to be healthy. There are special doctors, dealing with alcoholism and drug addiction. There is nothing wrong in visiting such doctors and medical centers. In addition, the now well-developed system of telephone hotlines.
If your family is a person suffering from alcoholism, you need to do everything possible to ensure that it has agreed to seek professional help. In no case do not help the alcoholic to achieve its goals. Rather than feel sorry for him, let him come face to face with the consequences of their actions. The alcoholic must realize yourself that you can not go on living. You can only help him come to this decision.
What can a doctorIn such cases, being treated with detoxification and rehabilitation. In order to identify possible complications conduct analyzes and other studies. Assign the appropriate treatment. During therapy the patient is very important support from relatives, he must feel that they are appreciated and loved him even in this situation.
Preventive measuresAlcoholism develops in stages. If you are trying to solve their problems with alcohol or simply drink alcohol every day, you should think about his condition. If you decide to deal with his addiction, try to follow the following tips:
- Cut the time you spend with drinkers. Avoid the place and the company in which you would normally drink,
- Try to control the amount of alcohol consumed. You can enjoy a cocktail or glass of wine at a party, but only one. The other non-alcoholic drinks must be;
- Do not drink while driving. If you decide to drink, be sure to have someone who does not drink, and brought you home;
- Refrain from drinking alcohol, if someone in your family suffer from alcoholism;
- Try to give up all bad habits, very often the first pulls a following;
- Do not use alcohol as a means of avoiding problems. If you have difficulties at home or at work, talk with a friend, family member, a member of your church community, or a doctor you trust.