Pharyngitis (Latin: pharynx) – this is the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract of humans is located between the esophagus and oral cavity. Pharyngitis known as inflammation of the mucous membranes and lymphoid tissues of the pharynx.

There are acute and chronic pharyngitis.

Causes of the disease

The most common viral pharyngitis, which can be part of such common causes of respiratory infections such as adenovirus, rhinovirus, parainfluenza virus, coronavirus, Epstein-Barr virus, cytomegalovirus, etc. Typically, a viral sore throat accompanied by any respiratory infection (ARI). Bacterial pharyngitis occur much less frequently and is caused by streptococcus, rarely Neisser, mycoplasma and chlamydia.

Chronic pharyngitis may develop as a consequence of acute or chronic infection of the upper respiratory tract and prolonged irritation of the mucous membrane of the pharynx alcohol, dust, soot and other chemical agents and mechanical.

The symptoms of pharyngitis

– Sore throat
– Sore throat
– Dry cough
– Raising body temperature
– Increase in cervical lymph nodes.

When viewed from the throat (pharyngoscope) noted redness of the walls of the pharynx, the mucous membrane seems to be loose, can be enlarged tonsils.

The symptoms of acute pharyngitis with SARS and other infectious diseases are usually complemented the main symptoms of the disease: fever, rhinitis, bronchitis, cough, symptoms of severe intoxication, muscle pain, rash, and so forth.

In chronic pharyngitis symptoms are less pronounced. The patient complains of feeling dry or sore throat, often a dry painful cough.

Diagnosis of pharyngitis

Diagnosis is based primarily on a careful examination of the patient and pharyngoscope. If necessary, the doctor may prescribe additional research.

It is clear that not every episode of pain in the throat will make you talk to your doctor. However, it is understood that you are not always able to distinguish themselves for a bacterial infection from a viral.

If you suspect a chronic pharyngitis should always consult a physician to determine the cause of the disease, and decisions regarding treatment.


Treatment of pharyngitis depends on its etiology.

In any case, from the diet exclude irritating food (hot, cold, sour, spicy, salty). It is recommended to drink plenty of 1.5-2 liters per day. If you smoke, then the treatment should be to give up smoking cigarettes or reduce to a minimum (tobacco smoke is an additional irritant to the mucous membranes of the throat).
In the case of the viral nature of the disease, treatment is mainly local: gargle solutions antiseptic and anti-inflammatory use of aerosol inhalation medicine in the form of lozenges.

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