Antritis - an infection or inflammation of the sinus cavities above and below the eyes. Antritis is a very common disease that occurs periodically for millions of people around the world. Antritis is most often affects the frontal, maxillary, paranasal sinuses and ethmoid sinuses, wedge-shaped sinus. Air, pus or other secretions, such as sputum, collected in the sinuses, causing pressure on the sinus wall, irritation, inflammation and edema.
Causes of antritis
A bacterial infection that often occurs as a complication of viral infection. It is caused by various bacteria (pneumococci, streptococci, staphylococci).
Possible viral antritis (caused by viruses of influenza, parainfluenza, adenovirus) and mycotic. Antritis is often preceded by acute respiratory infections, severe nosebleeds, dental disease, bathing in contaminated water. Infection in the sinuses can be accessed through the nose, through the blood.
In some cases antritis may occur due to allergic reactions.
The symptoms of antritis
Muco-watery discharge from the nose alone do not indicate an infection of the sinuses. However, it can be assumed antritis, runny nose if continued for more than a week and is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- Thick, yellow-green discharge from the nose
- Pain in the sinuses, which increases the pan and strain muscles of the face;
- Runny nose, accompanied by pain in the throat and a cough;
It is recommended to see a doctor
- Runny nose does not go after the self within 7 days
- Condition worsens after 3 days of self-medication, the temperature is above 38 degrees;
- Antritis been before;
- Eye pain, blurred vision, redness of the face around the eyes.
- Inflammation of the optic nerve
- Inflammation of the membranes of the brain (meningitis)
- Osteomyelitis (bone loss around the purulent sinus).
What you can do?
See your doctor if the condition worsens or symptoms persist for a long time.
Drink plenty of fluids to thin the mucus.
If you are a smoker, stop smoking immediately. Smoking irritates the mucous surface of the sinuses and makes them vulnerable to infection.
Avoid alcoholic beverages because they can lead to swelling of the mucous membranes in the sinuses. Inhalation may alleviate some of the state.
What can a doctor?
The physician should make a diagnosis, which may require examination (X-ray examination of the sinuses and some tests).
Write out the necessary medicines, sprays and drops of nasal congestion, decongestants, antibiotics, painkillers or antihistamines.
Doctor may suggest surgery when all other means are not helping or observe the formation of nasal polyps.
Preventing antritis (antritis)
Wash your hands frequently to avoid getting an infection. Do not smoke, because smoking can cause irritation of the sinuses. Do not drink alcohol, because it may cause swelling of the sinuses. Avoid cigarette smoke and polluted air, as it causes irritation of the respiratory tract.