Inflammation of the tonsils is called tonsillitis. Tonsillitis can be viral and bacterial. Angina is called inflammation of the tonsils, usually a bacterial etiology. This disease has a number of complications and therefore requires mandatory treatment under the supervision of a therapist. There are bluetongue Angina, when there is only redness of the tonsils and pus forms (lacunar and follicular). Catarrhal Angina is less common.
The causes of the disease
Angina is caused by the bacterium Streptococcus (more than 90% of cases) or staphylococci (less than 10%). The source of infection may be a patient or carrier. Infection, often going airborne, but it is also possible alimentary transmission, for example, using the same dish. Therefore, if a family member is ill, it should be to isolate and identify them with your personal dishes at the time of the disease.
Symptoms of angina
– A sharp and severe sore throat, worse on swallowing;
– High body temperature (39-40 degrees);
– General weakness, headache;
– Swollen lymph nodes, which are palpated under the lower jaw close to the neck.
Children (especially young) is also characterized by symptoms such as refusal to eat, drooling, pain in the ears.
In lacunar tonsillitis tonsils enlarged in size, red, covered with white bloom, with increased follicular, red, covered with pale yellow bubbles, like grains of rice.
Diagnosis of angina based on clinical symptoms of the disease, but in some cases, your doctor may take a throat swab and in diphtheria.
What will help the doctor?
The basis of treatment is antibiotics. Antibiotics prescribed by the physician, after examination, careful questioning, and (in some cases) after the results of swabs from the throat of mucous. Do not self. Without the use of antibacterial drugs sore throat persists. Gargle, the use of anti-inflammatory sprays and syrups can not completely eliminate the bacterial agent.
What you can do?
To reduce the risk of complications in the beginning of the disease should be in bed. From the exclusive supply sharp, rough, heavy food. We recommend plenty of warm drinks (milk with honey, lemon tea), a light broth, gruel, jelly. Frequent gargling with antibacterial solutions, the use of anti-inflammatory and antiseptic inhalations, aerosols accelerate the healing process and reduce the local symptoms of the disease. Do not attempt to remove the plaque from the tonsils, as well as to choose an antibiotic for treatment.
Complications of angina
The most dangerous complications of sore throat include rheumatic fever and glomerulonephritis. Both diseases have an immune nature and difficult to treat. Prevention is a timely and adequate treatment of streptococcal sore throat and elimination from the body.