Blepharitis is an inflammation of the lid margin. The main causative agent is Staphylococcus aureus or mites genus Demodex, children – and Staphylococcus epidermidis.
There are several options for blepharitis. Scaled or simple blepharitis is characterized by redness and thickening of the lid margin with the formation of flakes of desquamated epithelium of sebaceous glands and epidermis, tightly attached to the skin at the base of the eyelashes. Ulcerative blepharitis is characterized by a purulent inflammation of the eyelash hair follicles and the formation of ulcers on the edge of the eyelids. Meibomian blepharitis due to inflammation of the meibomian glands and hypersecretion of the century to the lack of secretion removal. Rosacea – blepharitis, characterized by the appearance on the eyelid skin of small grayish-red nodules, capped pustules (pustules). Blepharitis almost always take a chronic course and continue for many years.
The causes of the disease
The emergence of blepharitis tends to weaken the body’s defenses during prolonged infectious diseases, chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, poor sanitary conditions of the patient, insufficient quantities of vitamins in food. Are of great importance and local causes, such as pathology unaided vision (nearsightedness or farsightedness), chronic conjunctivitis, diseases of the lacrimal system. Contribute to the disease and the constant irritation of the eyes by the wind, dust and smoke.
Symptoms of blepharitis
– Itchy eyes;
– A sense of gravity vector;
– Rapid eye fatigue;
– Increased sensitivity to bright light;
– Red and / or swollen edge of the eyelids;
– Scales and dandruff on the skin of eyelids;
– Loss, and abnormal growth of eyelashes.
What you can do?
If you suspect that blepharitis should consult an eye doctor and therapist. Indeed, as we have said, the reason for blepharitis usually lies in the systemic diseases of the body or of anomalies. Self-medication can lead to improvement, but it should still treat the cause of the disease rather than its consequence.
What can a doctor?
The diagnosis of blepharitis is placed as a result of the inspection eyelids and eyelashes with a special ophthalmic microscope or slit lamp. In some cases, a laboratory study of cellular and microbial composition of conjunctival scrapings and determination of Demodex mites in the roots of the eyelashes.