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Cancer (Malignant Neoplasms)

Overview

Cancer - it's fast, chaotic and uncontrolled cell division that leads to tumors in an organ or tissue. These dividing cells sometimes spread to other parts of the body through the bloodstream or lymphatic system. In adulthood, the cancer is often associated with aging. Today, however, early diagnosis and modern treatment methods can cope with many types of cancer.

The reasons

The exact cause of some cancers is not completely understood, but many types of cancer arise because of the substances, called carcinogens. Some types of cancer may also be associated with:

- Genetic disorders;
- Malnutrition. A diet containing too much fat, pickled foods, foods with mold, canned meat (with nitrites and nitrates as preservatives), smoked and salted foods, and thus not enough fruits, vegetables and fiber, can be a carcinogenic factor;
- Smoking, chewing tobacco, drinking betelevogo oil;
- Too frequent use of alcohol;
- Unhealthy sexual behavior (too frequent change of partners);
- Certain viruses (hepatitis B and C);
- Constant exposure to ultraviolet rays;
- Exposure to radiation;
- Exposure to asbestos or chromium;
- Exposure to other chemicals.

Symptoms

Cancer is a group of diseases that may be in for a long time does not manifest itself. In most cases, the patient's symptoms are not sufficient to determine the diagnosis. However, it should be attentive to your body and do not miss any symptoms, especially if there are any symptoms for a long time.

Key:

- Unexplained weight loss;
- Loss of appetite;
- Fatigue;
- Prolonged fever;
- Pain (especially in the later stages of the disease);
- Education or palpable enlarged lymph nodes are often painless.

Pay attention to his condition and assess any changes in the body:

- Change of bowel or bladder. These symptoms may be signs of colon cancer, bladder or prostate.
- Nagging ulcers. Skin cancer can resemble a bleeding ulcer, which long held. Persistent mouth ulcers can be a sign of oral cancer.
- Unusual bleeding or discharge. Blood in the sputum or saliva may be a sign of lung cancer. Blood in the stool may indicate cancer of the colon or rectum. Vaginal bleeding may indicate cancer of the uterus or cervix. Blood in the urine may be a sign of cancer of the bladder or kidneys. Bloody discharge from the nipple may be a sign of breast cancer.
- Seals or bumps in the chest or other body parts. cancer of the breast, testes, lymph nodes and soft tissues can often be felt on the skin.
- Indigestion or difficulty swallowing. These symptoms may indicate cancer of the larynx, stomach or esophagus. - Recent changes in moles or warts. The increase, changing color and shape may indicate skin cancer.
- Persistent cough may be a sign of lung cancer.
- Voice hoarseness may indicate cancer of the larynx, thyroid, or lung.

However, all these symptoms at a fairly late stage. For early diagnosis should undergo outpatient examination.

Complications

- The affected tissues or organs cease to function;
- Cancer affects the surrounding tissue and other organs;
- Exhaustion;
- Anemia.

What you can do?

Seek medical attention as soon as notice any signs or symptoms. Diagnosing cancer at an early stage and treatment greatly increase the chances of recovery. Come in once a year, outpatient examination, a plan which will help you make a doctor. Currently, there are many simple investigations (the so-called screening), allowing the early stages of the development of suspected malignant tumors. Many of them are simple and accessible. Do not forget about the methods of self-control (self-study of the mammary glands, testes). There are tests to the level of certain proteins (oncogenes) in the blood of suspected cancer.

What can a doctor?

Conduct a full examination. If necessary, the survey can be carried out in hospital. If the diagnosis of cancer is confirmed, the physician should explain to the patient's condition. Transfer to hospital (in the specialist unit) for the treatment (surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy or a combination of different methods). Ensure that the rehabilitation period.