OverviewBreast cancer ranks first among all malignancies in women. According to statistics, the incidence of malignant neoplasms of the Russian population of breast cancer over the past 15 years has increased by more than 2 times. It is known that the incidence of women living in large cities and industrial areas, is higher than residents of rural areas.
cancer of the mammary glands occurs in men. Many men are not even aware of the possibility of such a disease they have. That's why they did not immediately turn to doctors, which leads to late diagnosis, delays in beginning treatment and poor therapeutic outcome.
Risk factors for breast cancer in women include malignant tumors in family history (especially the presence of breast cancer in mother or grandmother), later onset of menstruation in girls, the lack of birth or later first births, abandonment of breast-feeding, prolonged lack of sex life , diseases of the reproductive system, leading to hormonal disturbances. As it turns out, are also important diseases such as diabetes, hypertension and arteriosclerosis, etc.
The reasonsBreast cancer occurs as a result of active uncontrolled division of abnormal cancer cells. Without treatment, the tumor is growing rapidly in size, can grow into the skin, muscles and rib cage. The lymph vessels cancer cells reach lymph nodes in the next. From the bloodstream, they spread throughout the body, giving rise to new tumors - metastasis. The most common breast cancer metastasizes to the lungs, liver, bone, and brain. The defeat of these bodies, as well as the disintegration of the tumor and leads to death.
Breast cancer can develop on the background of precancerous diseases, which include breast and fibroadenoma.
Symptoms of Breast Cancer- A painless, firm formation in the interior of the breast,
- Change the shape and form of breast cancer,
- Shrinkage or retraction of the skin of the breast,
- Discomfort or unusual pain in one breast,
- Order or swelling in the nipple, retraction of his,
- Bleeding from the nipple,
- Swollen lymph nodes under the arm of the party.
Due to the lack of annual medical examination, doctors can not constantly monitor the health of the population. Therefore, most often refers to the oncologist the woman, who noticed the tumor.
The main method for early detection of breast cancer is x-ray mammography. Regular conduct of this study can detect tumors at an early stage.
Despite the fact that breasts are available for the survey, about half of the patients coming to hospitals with the third and fourth stages of the disease. Often this is due to women's lack of self-examination skills, as well as long-term treatment with home remedies for various seals found in the mammary gland. Women are afraid to go to the doctor and find out the truth. This leads to late diagnosis and worse results in the treatment.
Needed to confirm the diagnosis mammography, breast ultrasound, and biopsy (taking a piece of breast tissue for histological examination). To identify possible metastases woman referred for bone scintigraphy (radioisotope study), ultrasound of the abdominal cavity, lung X-rays, CT scans, etc. Depending on the results of the survey may need additional diagnostic methods.