OverviewBasal cell skin cancer is the most common malignant disease of the skin. The tumor develops from the cells of the basal (deepest) layer of the epidermis. Incidence increases with age. People with fair skin are suffering from this disease more often than blacks. We prove a direct link between the time being under the direct rays of the sun and the frequency of basal cell cancer. People who work outdoors or who live in areas with high solar radiation have an increased risk of disease.
The causes of the diseaseThe cause of any malignant disease is damage to the genetic material of cells, which occurs under the influence of various environmental factors and leads to uncontrolled growth and proliferation of abnormal tissue.
Risk factors for basal cell skin cancer include:
- Excessive insolation;
- Light skin color;
- Old age;
- Receiving immunosuppressive drugs.
SymptomsBasal cell skin cancers usually occur on exposed skin, such as the head, face, neck, arms and torso, which fall on the sun's rays. Depending on the clinical form of disease of basal cell carcinoma may appear as reddish scaly erosion, bleeding ulcers, pigmented lesions, small pearl-pink node with ulceration in the center of a dense yellowish waxy plaque, etc.
Skin cancer may resemble superficially dermatitis and other inflammatory skin changes. That is why the appearance of any new growths on the skin, does not fade with time (over 2-3 weeks), you must apply to the dermatologist.
TreatmentBasal cell skin cancer respond well to treatment and rarely metastasizes. Therefore, if a timely appeal to the physician and compliance with all of its recommendations the patient has a chance of full recovery.
The choice of method of treatment depends on the histological variants and localization of the tumor. As a rule, use the various options of surgical treatment (electrocoagulation, excision, cryosurgery) and radiation therapy. In some cases, the use of chemo-and immunotherapy.