Basal cell skin cancer
Basal cell skin cancer – is the most common form of skin cancer. The tumor most frequently occurs on exposed skin – such as the head, face, neck, arms and torso, which fall on the sun’s rays. With early detection of basal cell carcinoma respond well to treatment and rarely metastasizes.
Hodgkin’s disease or Lymphogranulomatosis – a malignant tumor of lymphoid tissue with a specific histologic structure. Hodgkin’s disease often occurs in childhood, and has a peak incidence at 20 and 50 years. The etiology of Hodgkin’s disease is unknown.
Radiation therapy – a method of treating tumors with ionizing radiation. This radiation is produced by special machines that use a radioactive source. The method consists in the fact that during irradiation in actively dividing cells accumulate many mutations that lead to their demise. Radiation therapy – an independent medical specialty, which is involved in radiation therapists.
Melanoma – a malignant tumor of the skin. It develops from the melanocytes – cells that synthesize the pigment melanin. Unfortunately, this is a very dangerous malignancy which is difficult to treat and routinely kills people. Since in most cases the tumor is localized in the skin, through regular preventive check-ups it is not difficult to detect in early stages, when cure is still possible.
Features of the care of cancer patients
Cancer patients are very labile, fragile psyche that must be borne in mind at all stages of treatment and care of these patients. The question of whether to report a patient diagnosed, remains ambiguous and controversial. Some patients, after hearing the diagnosis, mobilize all its forces to fight the disease, others – may be frightened and fall into despair. In the West, and America made fully inform the patient about his condition and risks. In our country about cancer often report not to the patient and his relatives.
Acute leukemia – rapidly growing form of cancer in which the diseased white blood cells accumulate in the blood and bone marrow. There are several types of acute leukemia. The so-called acute lymphoblastic leukemia occurs more frequently in children. The other type – acute granulocytic leukemia is more common in adults.
Antitumor chemotherapy and its complications
The term “chemotherapy” usually used in relation to the treatment of malignant diseases. There are many anticancer drugs, and every day more and more experts are developing. The advantage of chemotherapy over other methods of treatment of malignant neoplasms is a systemic action (surgical or radiotherapy have a local impact on the main seat of the disease).
Cancer (malignant neoplasms)
Cancer – it’s fast, chaotic and uncontrolled cell division that leads to tumors in an organ or tissue. These dividing cells sometimes spread to other parts of the body through the bloodstream or lymphatic system. In adulthood, the cancer is often associated with aging. Today, however, early diagnosis and modern treatment methods can cope with many types of cancer.
Stomach cancer – a malignant tumor that develops from the gastric mucosa. Stomach cancer is the second highest incidence of other neoplasms, second lung cancer in men and breast cancer in women. Unfortunately, the early stages of stomach cancer is almost never seen. The first symptoms are not specific to weakness, fatigue, weight loss, loss of appetite.
In the overall structure of cancer on the incidence of malignant skin tumors occupy third place. Among the malignant tumors of the skin occurs most frequently basal cell carcinoma is much rarer – squamous cell carcinoma, melanoma, and tumors developing from skin appendages. Skin cancer occurs predominantly in the open parts of the body, more than 70% of tumors developed on his face.
Lung cancer – a malignancy that develops from the epithelial tissue of the lung. There are two forms: a central cell lung cancer that comes from the bronchus, and peripheral cancer that develops from the very fabric of legkogo.Rak lung is one of the most common cancers.
Breast cancer ranks first among all zlokachestvennsh disease in women. According to statistics, the incidence of malignant neoplasms of the Russian population of breast cancer over the past 15 years has increased by more than 2 times. It is known that the incidence of women living in large cities and industrial areas, is higher than residents of rural areas.
Bladder cancer is about 5% of all malignant neoplasms. Men get sick several times more often than women. The peak incidence occurs between the ages of 50 to 80 years. Bladder cancer – is one of the few cancers with a fairly well-known factors in carcinogenesis. Industrial carcinogens cause 20% of cases.
Cancer in the last stages
Despite all the advances of modern science, and sometimes doctors are powerless over the disease. As a rule, we are talking about diseases in the later stages, when the detected multiple metastases, inoperable tumor or its resistance to radiation and chemotherapy. In such situations, the only way to help patients – palliative care. Palliative care – is care, ensuring optimal quality of life and patient comfort at the stage of the disease, when a special anti-cancer treatment impossible.
Kidney cancer is 3% of malignant neoplasms in adults and is the most common form of kidney cancer in adults. Men are twice as likely to get sick women. Most cases occur in age from 39 to 70 years. Unfortunately, kidney cancer can be asymptomatic for a long time. Tumor formation is often detected by chance during a preventive examination. The surgical technique is essential in the treatment of kidney cancer.
Prostate cancer usually occurs in people older than age 45-55 years, young people is a rare neoplasm. According to statistics, the incidence of prostate cancer in Russia reaches 4.5%, while among the main causes of death Prostate cancer is the 5th place among men aged 70 years and on the 4th – for men 70 and older. A cancerous tumor grows slowly, and the disease may not manifest themselves for many years.
Cancer of the rectum
Rectal cancer is about 4-5% of all cancers and is the most common site of cancer in the human gut. The most common colon cancer detected in 40-60 years.
Endometrial cancer is the most common malignant tumor of the pelvis in women. Prognosis depends on histologic tumor type and incidence of cancer. Most often the disease begins in postmenopausal women, 25% were younger than 50 years, 5% for age younger than 40 years.
Colon cancer – malignant disease, which may be localized in any part of the large intestine, consisting of the colon (part of the intestine, through which emptied small intestine) and rectum (terminal truncated portion of the large intestine).
Cervical cancer – a very common disease of women. There are two age peaks of disease – 35-39 years and 60-64 years. In Russia, the frequency of occurrence is approximately 11 cases per 100 000 population.
Ovarian cancer ranks fifth in frequency of occurrence of malignancies in women. In Russia, the incidence of ovarian cancer is approximately 77 cases per 100,000 population. The average age when there is ovarian cancer, is 61 years. Ovarian cancer occurs in the early stages are usually asymptomatic. At later stages, you may receive frequent urination, constipation, bloody vaginal discharge, discomfort in the abdomen.
Chronic leukemia – a form of blood cancer that develops slowly, sometimes for 15-20 years and occurs more frequently in elderly patients. The disease is characterized by the accumulation of leukocytes in the blood and bone marrow.