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Seizures

Overview

Seizures vary from mild to severe. With a weak attack symptoms are minimal manifestations, while a severe attack may result in loss of consciousness, as well as sudden and severe muscle spasm caused by the electrical activity of the brain. Usually a spasm lasts from 30 seconds to 2 minutes. If seizures last longer, or there are repeated attacks, and the patient does not come into consciousness, a condition called status epilepticus. If this happens, the patient should be immediately taken to hospital. Unable to stop the cramp, if an attack has already begun. Anything you can do is to protect the patient from injury and trauma, he may cause himself, and as soon as possible to provide medical care. Information about the number and duration of seizures will be very useful to physicians.

Causes of seizures

Any weak or strong attack due to breach of the brain.

Symptoms

- Perhaps darkening of the eyes, confusion, snorting and puffing;
- Tingling and spasmodic twitching of the body, urinary incontinence and / or feces, brief loss of consciousness, a special status before the attacks of epilepsy with different symptoms: a sudden feeling of fear, nausea, numbness, dizziness. When a pronounced salivation, penootdelenie breath, sudden fainting, loss of consciousness, sudden muscle spasms with twitching feet, the deviation of the direction of eye and head (deviation of the eye) need urgent medical care.

What you can do?

If you were witness to seizures, the main strategy of action is to attempt to prevent injury to the patient, try to keep it from falling, the patient lay on the ground in a safe place, remove all sharp objects and furniture. If necessary, the patient record (straitjacket). Without limiting the patient's body movements, loosen tightly fasten clothing, especially around the neck. If you start vomiting, try to turn my head to vomit poured out, and did not get into the lungs and trachea.

In infants and young children may result from spasm of intense heat, use cool compresses and cool water, but do not dip the baby in a bath of cold water.

After the seizures, many patients sleep soundly, do not let them sleep. At the time of awakening the patient is likely to be disoriented in space, be close to the recovery of consciousness, or until the arrival of the doctors. In the meantime, you should check basic vital signs (pulse, respiratory rate).

When the patient wakes up, learn from him, were you ever had seizures, and does not pass inspection if it is currently indicated. Advise patient to take the prescribed medication. If the patient has diabetes or is suspected diabetes, it is possible to give a sugar (if the patient is unconscious, then the sugar granules or liquid glucose).

What can a doctor?

The doctor will raise the medical history and conduct a survey, if necessary, also refer to the special investigations such as CT scan or MRI (magnetic resonance imaging), EEG (electroencephalogram), lumbar puncture, blood tests, X-ray examination. Prescribe the necessary drugs.

Preventive measures

Epileptics should always wear a tag or label tones of medical care. It is necessary to control the rise in body temperature during fever, especially in children.