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Back Pain

Overview

Almost all the adults from time to time feel the pain in his back. Structure and function of the spine makes the back prone to pain and injury. The spine consists of 33 vertebrae separated by flexible cartilage, called intervertebral discs, while it is surrounded and permeated by ligaments, muscles and nerves. Unsuccessful, a sharp movement, too much stress (eg, wearing heavy), or poor posture can cause back pain. In most cases, back pain is not a serious offense and it can easily be prevented, but sometimes it may be associated with serious diseases and injuries of the spine (including osteochondrosis), and in some cases with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract or urinary system (such as kidney stones).

The reasons

- Bad posture;
- Overweight;
- Weight lifting;
- Infections and other diseases.

Symptoms

If you feel pain in your back from stress and during exercise, or do you occasionally having pain in the neck and back, it is recommended to see a doctor if no improvement is attained after 3-5 days, with back pain and temperatures above 37.8, if the back pain accompanied by nausea, vomiting or diarrhea, painful or too frequent urination, when expressed as back pain during menstruation, when pain in the back giving a arm or leg and is accompanied by numbness of the lower extremities. Requires immediate hospitalization, if the notes at the same time the difficulty of movements of the limbs, shock, confusion.

What you can do?

Moderate physical activity is the best way to combat back pain.
A hot bath or hot compress can reduce pain, but these means it is better not to use the first 2 days. Take medication to relieve pain and inflammation.
During sleep, it is recommended to put a pillow under your knees or if you sleep on your side, put a pillow between your legs. After reducing the severity of the pain back to normal and work slowly, trying not to overload your back. Try to deal with the stress that can exacerbate the pain.

What can a doctor?

The physician must determine the cause of back pain and to exclude other more serious diseases. Prescribe painkillers or muscle relaxants. Refer you to a neurologist, a rheumatologist or orthopedist if necessary.

Preventive measures

Watch for posture. Good posture greatly reduces the load on the spine.
Avoid lifting heavy weights. If you still need to lift heavy objects, be sure to bend your knees and try to keep your back straight.
While sedentary work, use a comfortable chair or a chair that supports your back.
Monitor your weight. Completeness increases the load on the spine.
Do not drag, if you need to get something from the high shelves, mezzanines, etc. Place a stool or stepladder.
Try to bend less.