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Alzheimer's Disease

Overview

Alzheimer's disease - an incurable degenerative disease of the central nervous system characterized by progressive loss of mental abilities (memory, speech, logical thinking). The risk of developing Alzheimer's disease increases after age 65. Despite the fact that relatively few people suffer from this disease is a major cause of dementia in the elderly. Such a state is a big blow and a heavy psychological burden on the patient's family.

Causes of Alzheimer's disease

The exact causes are unknown, but is usually associated with Alzheimer's disease destroying a large number of nerve cells, lack of materials needed for the transmission of nerve impulses, heredity (genetic predisposition), toxic metals poisoning, head trauma, brain tumor, hypothyroidism.

Symptoms of Alzheimer's disease

At an early stage:

- Forgetfulness, inability to recall recent events, which gradually progresses;
- Inability to recognize familiar objects;
- Emotional problems, depression, anxiety;
- Disorientation;
- Apathy (indifference) to the surrounding objects, people and events.

At a later stage:

- Hallucinations, delusions;
- The inability to find familiar people, even close relatives;
- Problems with movement (walking), which are moving in the "shuffling gait";
- Loss of ability for independent thought and movement;
- In some cases, seizures.

Complications

- Co-infections, including pneumonia;
- Lack of food;
- A variety of injuries and accidents.

What you can do?

Diagnosis at an early stage is very important. Take care to older people in your family regularly passed a medical examination. Contact your doctor immediately if you suspect that you or someone in your family have symptoms of Alzheimer's disease.

What can a doctor?

Conduct a survey. Advise you how to care for patients. Appropriate treatment or referral to a neurologist, psychiatrist, gerontologists and other specialists for further examination and treatment. Recently developed new drugs that can help stop the progression of Alzheimer's disease.