Hematoma occur when blood cells from damaged blood vessels penetrate into the surrounding tissue. Usually it is bruising of the skin without damaging the structure. Fresh hematoma are usually black, blue or purple. As they pass, the color may become green or yellow.
Causes of bruising
– Falls, hematoma, bumps on the blunt objects;
– Some medications such as aspirin and anticoagulants may provoke more frequent occurrence of hematoma;
– Some women have hematoma may appear before menstruation.
Symptoms of Hematoma
Advised to consult a doctor with a large number of hematoma, with the appearance of bruising while taking aspirin, anticoagulants or other drugs at a constant occurrence of bruising even the most minor injuries, if a bruise is accompanied by severe pain and swelling.
What can you do to treat hematoma?
An ice pack to the injured spot as soon as possible. This helps blood vessels to shrink rapidly, reducing the amount of blood trapped in the tissue of the skin and greatly reduce bruising. To reduce swelling keep the damaged area as possible above the heart. If there is no open wound, apply a cream or ointment, which will accelerate the absorption of blood (not sold only in pharmacies, but also in stores). It will also help with bruising at the injection site, or the taking of blood.
Use warm compresses after 24 hours after injury.
You must take the victim to a hospital if he has sore head, vomits or loses consciousness, and if the victim was hit hard in the chest and abdomen, he felt a sharp pain and it hurts to cough, because it may mean that he has a broken rib or damaged internal organs.