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Bleeding

Overview

Most small cuts are not dangerous. Large wounds, especially if the involved artery, can cause severe bleeding. Depending on the type of wound and its location, can be damaged tendons and nerves. Bleeding from major injuries and / or deep cuts require medical intervention. In addition to external bleeding, there is also bleeding from internal organs. Any suspicion of internal bleeding requires urgent appeal for medical help.

Causes of bleeding

Bleeding injuries occur when the internal organs and wounds, as well as spontaneously. Spontaneous bleeding is most often associated with diseases and lesions in the gastrointestinal or genitourinary tracts.

Symptoms of bleeding

In open bleeding blood flows from the open wound may develop a traumatic shock, the patient may experience a cold clammy sweat, dizziness after injury, very rapid pulse (rapid heartbeat), shortness of breath, confusion, reduced attention; weakness. With internal bleeding, there may be abdominal pain, bloating, blood in stool (black, maroon or bright red) or very dark stool, blood in the urine (red, pink, tea-colored), vaginal bleeding (more than usual, or after menopause), blood in the vomit (looks bright red or brown, like coffee).

Complications

Low blood pressure (hypotension) and shock. For a long time there is a small amount of internal bleeding, iron deficiency anemia (decreased hemoglobin).

What you can do?

For any suspected shock requires medical care. If you suspect internal bleeding or bleeding from orifices - immediate hospitalization. When bleeding from a bite: squeeze the bite and try to raise the wound above heart level. With the help of cloth and mild soap vigorously wash the bite area with running water for 5 minutes.

With little bleeding from cuts or scratches: carefully treat the wound with a mild antiseptic solution (hydrogen peroxide) to clean up dirt and foreign matter. Cover the wound with sterile gauze bandage or adhesive plaster. Every day, check the condition of the wound. If the bandage gets wet, replace it with a new one. After a delayed wound crust, you can remove the bandage. Consult your doctor if the wound flushed, swollen, does not heal, or warmer all the time dressing gets wet.

Bleeding from a large cut or laceration: an urgent need to seek medical help. Wrap the wound with sterile gauze or a piece of clean cloth. If possible, wear clean latex or rubber gloves to protect themselves from contact with the blood of the victim. If possible, raise the bleeding site above the heart.

Within 5 minutes, squeeze the wound on top of gauze or a piece of matter (in this time do not stop to monitor the wound and remove blood clots that can form on the gauze). If blood seeps through the gauze, do not remove it, and tie up a fresh bandage on top, continuing to put pressure directly on the wound.

What can a doctor?

Conduct a thorough cleaning and checking the wound, to close a gaping wound, stitches and a bandage; prescribe antibiotics if a bacterial infection, if necessary, make an injection against tetanus.

Preventive measures

Keep knives and sharp objects away from small children. When working with piercing and cutting instruments to observe safety rules.