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Injuries and Accidents

Pain in the muscles
The bad physical shape, too intense stress, trauma or viral infection can cause the sensation of pain in the muscles. Regular exercise will help keep muscle tone and prevent pain and spasms that occur after a heavy load. The pain associated with viral infections, are alone to the extent of recovery. Injuries and stretching require medical care.

Bursitis
Bursitis - inflammation of the bursa - typically occurs when excessive load on the joint or the joint for a long time, is under stress or pressure.

Bunion
Bunion - a large tumor in the big toe. Its appearance indicates malfunction feet, often associated with flat feet. Violation of muscle balance can also cause bumps and the deviation of the thumb.

Subcutaneous hematoma
Bruises occur when blood cells from damaged blood vessels penetrate into the surrounding tissue. Usually it is bruising of the skin without damaging the structure. Fresh bruises are usually black, blue or purple. As they pass, the color may become green or yellow.

Foreign bodies
As a rule, foreign bodies get into your eyes, ears, nose, respiratory tract and rectum. Problems with the ingestion of foreign bodies occur in both children and adults. Children are naturally curious and can therefore deliberately put in your mouth shiny objects such as coins or tablet batteries. For this reason, these objects are very often get in their ears and nose.

Bleeding
Most small cuts are not dangerous. Large wounds, especially if the involved artery, can cause severe bleeding. Depending on the type of wound and its location, can be damaged tendons and nerves. Bleeding from major injuries and / or deep cuts require medical intervention.

Tennis elbow
Tennis elbow (epicondylitis, or traumatic) - a condition in which the bone growth on the outside of the elbow (lateral epicondyle) causes severe pain. Tennis elbow is, of course, not only in tennis players. This trauma can also be caused by other sports, such as golf, as well as work in the garden, some types of construction (eg masonry work), work with scissors or swimming.

Calluses
Corns - is painful and is easily damaged skin, resulting in friction. Under this modified layer of the skin accumulates fluid, which protects against both cushion the friction underlying layers. As a result, a bubble formed a new layer of skin, and the liquid inside is gradually reabsorbed.

Burns
Burn - is damage to the skin, some tissues, muscles and bones, associated with exposure to the skin of fire, electricity or chemicals. The longer the contact continued, the stronger will burn. Burns can also be due to exposure to hot steam or liquid.

Poisoning
Poison can enter the body in different ways. It can swallow, inhale, inject. Also, the poison can be accessed through contact with the skin. Many substances can be especially dangerous in enclosed spaces, such as carbon monoxide. Different poisons affect different body systems and functions. Some affect the ability of blood to carry oxygen, some irritate the digestive system or respiratory system. If a person feels bad, without any apparent reason, strange behavior or found near the source of the agent should immediately seek medical help because of a possible poisoning.

Fractures
There are two types of fractures: open and closed. In a closed fracture the bone is broken or cracked, but the skin is not damaged. With an open fracture the bone is not only corrupt, but also visible on the surface. Open fracture is often accompanied by heavy bleeding. In open fractures and infections often occur.

Cuts and abrasions
Cut - it is skin damage caused by sharp objects. Small cuts only hurt the skin and fatty tissue just under the skin, they usually disappear on their own. More serious cuts (incised wounds) can affect the muscles, tendons, blood vessels, ligaments and nerves. Such injuries should be examined by a doctor. Scratches and abrasions - is superficial damage to one or more layers of the skin. Scratches and scrapes usually affect the uppermost layer. Of these, the blood can go, but they never become gaping.

Unconscious
If unconscious, the victim does not respond to external stimuli (does not respond to questions, tingling, flip flops).

Muscle strain
Muscle strain happen at excessive muscle tension of the muscles or ligaments. Very often this is due to intense physical activity, disproportionate to your capabilities, as well as over-active or quick movements or loads are nowarm, a cold muscle. You may feel like something breaks or breaks when the muscle tissue and ligaments are too stretched. You may be painful to walk and move. Usually the treatment is stretching from 1 to 6 weeks.

Sprains
Stretching is a rupture of fiber bundles of the joint. Depending on the intensity of the traumatic force may be a partial violation of the integrity of the individual fibers, the gap with a complete break from the bunch with garnetting ends and peel, if torn ligament at the site of attachment to the bone. Sometimes, along with a bunch of detached bone fragment - tear fracture.

Tendonitis Achilles tendon
Tendonitis Achilles tendon - is it sore. Achilles tendon serves to attach muscles calf to the heel bone. It allows the foot to bend when you get up on the toes when walking and lifts. Each step depends on the Achilles tendon. Overexertion Achilles tendon - a common situation for runners and other athletes, dancers, acrobats, who jump a lot, as well as start and stop abruptly.

Heatstroke
Heat stroke - this is a serious problem that requires medical care. If you suspect a heat stroke victim should be transported immediately to the nearest hospital. Heat stroke does not necessarily occur after exercise, just a high ambient temperature and lack of fluid in the body. Most susceptible to thermal shock small children and the elderly.

Head injury
Head injury - is any damage to the head and skull. These injuries can be very different in severity from a small contusion to severe brain damage. Head injury may be closed or penetrating. The reason for the closed head injury is usually dull thud of an object or surface. Concussion - a closed injury affecting the brain. In many cases, a head injury may be less noticeable, but often these patients need special care and treatment.

Electric shock
Electrical shock can cause serious damage, including deep burns and internal injuries. In addition, an electric shock can cause cardiac arrest.