What is the ureaplasma?Ureaplasma - is disease caused by a single-celled organism - ureaplasma. This refers to an intracellular pathogen microbes. Ureaplasma is a disease prone to chronic course. In addition, the causative agent of the disease is the opportunistic pathogen, as for some women it is the normal flora of the vagina. Under ureaplasma imply the presence of inflammation in the urinary system, in which, in laboratory studies revealed a ureaplasma and found another agent.
Causes ureaplasmaMost ureaplasma infection is sexually transmitted by contact with a sick or carriers of the disease.
During pregnancy, there is a possibility of disease transmission from mother to fetus through the amniotic fluid. During labor, there is also the chance of contracting the child, upon passing through the birth canal: Germs can get into the genital tract of the child and remain there all his life, being inactive. The reason for the appearance of ureaplasma may be different factors - Earlier onset of sexual activity, frequent change of sexual partners
- Unprotected sex acts
- The age group up to 30 years
- Borne diseases and gynecological diseases, sexually transmitted diseases.
The growth of pathogenic flora, to which the agent ureaplasma and can be triggered by taking antibiotics, hormone replacement therapy drugs, constant stress, and the general deterioration of the quality of human life, exposure to radiation and other factors, which significantly reduces the immune status of the human body.
Manifestations ureaplasmaureaplasma is not immediately without disturbing the person for a long time. Because of this, the carrier of the disease may not even be aware of it and continues to infect sexual partners a long time. The incubation period is 2-4 weeks ureaplasma. The absence of symptoms in some cases can lead to a transition ureaplasma the chronic stage and quite serious consequences for human health.
Often, children infected at birth, over time, is self-healing of Ureaplasma. This is especially true for boys.
As already mentioned, the main manifestation of ureaplasma are inflammation of the urogenital system. ureaplasma symptoms in men can be scarce, cloudy discharge from the urethra, sluggish urethritis (itching and burning sensation in the urethra, moderate pain of the process of urination), in which the separation appear and disappear. Women have a vaginal discharge, which may be accompanied by abdominal pain, itching and irritation of the vagina, there is less frequent and painful urination, cervicitis.
Chronic infection can eventually cause a urethral stricture (narrowing of the urethra).
One of the most serious consequences ureaplasma considered asthenospermia - a type of male infertility. Pathogen ureaplasma effect on reducing sperm motility, parasitic on them and reducing their viability. In addition to diseases of the genitourinary system, Ureaplasma also has an impact on the health of the joints, causing inflammation of them.
Without treatment ureaplasma may occur from time to time. Repeated exacerbations may be related to alcohol use in large quantities, cold, emotional overload.
What can a doctor do?Ureaplasma Treatment is primarily the elimination of the very conditions that made it possible to easily reproduce ureaplasma. This correction immune elimination of all conditions that reduce the immune defenses, and finally, the most powerful influence on the agent.
Conducting bacterial seeding to determine the sensitivity of the pathogen to the use of an antibiotic. This helps the doctor to choose the optimal treatment that would eliminate the manifestation of recurrence of the disease.
In addition to antibiotic therapy drugs are appropriate immunostimulants, local antibacterial agents, conducting physical treatments. An important requirement is to provide treatment for both partners, in order to avoid cases of reinfection. At the time of treatment is recommended to refrain from sexual activity, to comply with the prescribed diet, and strictly follow all recommendations of your doctor.
What can you do?It is important to inform their sexual partners about the disease, even if they do not care, and to persuade them to undergo examination and treatment.