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Typhoid

General Information

Typhoid - a bacterial infection that affects the intestines first, then spreads to the liver, spleen and gall bladder. It is a highly contagious disease transmitted through water and food containing the pathogen. Recovered even after the fever person can remain for many years a carrier of bacteria that cause typhoid. With the untimely treatment the disease can threaten the patient's life.

Causes

Infection with the bacterium Salmonella typhi. The disease spreads quickly in areas with poor sanitation and hygiene. Possible epidemic typhus.

The symptoms of typhoid fever

In the first week of illness, severe headache, coughing, fever, chills, loss of appetite, malaise, fatigue, weakness, constipation, abdominal pain.
On the second or third week of the disease - high fevers, diarrhea, marked weakness, weight loss, painful, enlarged to the size of the stomach, after the temperature - rising high above the skin rash on the chest and abdomen.

Complications of typhoid fever

Severe gastrointestinal bleeding, perforation of the bowel wall, peritonitis (inflammation of the lining of the abdominal cavity) due to perforation of the bowel wall, pneumonia, cholecystitis (inflammation of the gall bladder), urinary tract infection, typhoid psychosis, renal failure, relapse, death.

What you can do?

If you suspect a typhoid should immediately seek medical help.

What can a doctor?

Doctor will prescribe tests (blood samples, urine and feces), to confirm the diagnosis are hospitalized.