GeneralInfected drinks and food are the main cause of many problems c digestive system. Gastrointestinal diseases associated with impaired health standards, are most common in the third world countries and in remote areas of Russia. Most of the cases of Traveler's diarrhea caused by hitting a variety of infectious agents in the intestine. This advantageously bacteria. The local population is repeatedly exposed to these agents in childhood, so they develop immunity to it.
Causes diarrheaTraveler's diarrhea is usually associated with the consumption of food and beverages contaminated by various microorganisms (including those of human and animal excrement).
Diarrhea symptomsTypical symptoms of traveler's diarrhea include: liquid and frequent stools (diarrhea), nausea, abdominal pain and cramps. Traveler's diarrhea usually lasts a few days. For healthy people rarely diarrhea can be life threatening.
What you can do?Need to see a doctor for diarrhea in children (especially under 3 years old).
The greatest danger to children, especially small ones, is dehydration. Make sure that the child is constantly drinking clean water, diluted fruit juice or lemonade. Children with minor manifestations of dehydration (thirst and restlessness) to give a solution to recover the amount of fluid in the body. To prepare the solution to dissolve the contents of a bag of boiled or treated with iodine water in the proportions indicated on the package. This solution should be possible to drink more and more. It is desirable to have in your medicine cabinet hiking bags for preparation of such a solution, for example, touring or Regidron.
Need urgent medical attention if:
- The child's blood in the stool, moderate or severe dehydration, temperature above 38.5 degrees or constant vomiting
- Diarrhea in infants;
- Diarrhea in pregnant or people with serious chronic health problems (such as cardio-vascular system).
Adult people should contact your doctor if diarrhea persists for several days, and if there is blood in the stool, with a significant increase in body temperature or chill, or when there is no opportunity to make up the reserve fluid in the body and the risk of dehydration.
What can a doctor?Treatment should appoint a doctor.
Antibiotics recommended for treatment of diarrhea, but not in the prevention, since their use can itself create some problems with the intestine.
During the treatment it is necessary to use more liquid. Because of diarrhea a person loses a lot of fluids and salts, so it is recommended replenishment of fluids in the body (oral rehydration therapy). Note that children are more susceptible to dehydration than adults. During treatment, the need to give up dairy products, and in general of any liquids of dubious origin and quality.
Antibiotics such as ciprofloxacin and norfloxacin, are often used for the treatment of Traveler's diarrhea and duration of illness. Consult with your doctor about taking these antibiotics (as well as for the recipe and instructions for use).
Means of diarrhea, such as Imodium, can reduce the appearance of diarrhea. It should be understood that this effect is achieved by slowing the removal of the gut, therefore the use of such drugs can cause complications in people with severe infections. In such cases, the body is trying hard to bring the infection of the intestines (frequent stools that just helps), and preventing it from doing so may worsen the situation. In any case it is impossible to use these drugs at an elevated temperature and blood in the stool.
Preventative measuresThe best prevention of traveler's diarrhea is vigilant when choosing foods and drinks and accuracy in matters of personal hygiene. Always wash your hands after using the toilet and before eating. The risk of infection in the body is highly dependent on where you eat. For example, food, purchased from a seller with a tray on the street, is one of the most dangerous types of food.
To secure products include fruit (if you clean them yourself), bread and other dry foods, as well as hot, which took a full cooked food. By unsafe products are unpasteurized dairy products, salads, raw meat, fish and seafood, as well as food bought on the street.
Among the safest beverages include boiled water (including tea and coffee), drinks, packaged in bottles or cans, beer and wine. And in the category of dangerous drinks include tap water and drinks prepared with ice. When you brush your teeth, do not use tap water. By drinking water from a bottle or a can wipe the neck.
Tap water can be treated and to make it potable several ways- A few minutes to boil;
- Add a few drops of iodine or chlorine-containing special drugs (you can ask the pharmacy or ask the doctor's recommendation).