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Tetanus

General

Tetanus - is an infectious disease that affects the nervous system. Tetanus enters the body through a wound or cut. The bacteria can enter the body through even minor scratches and wounds, but is especially dangerous deep wounds from nails or blades. Tetanus bacteria are everywhere: they are often found in soil, dust and manure. Tetanus leads to a spasm of masticatory and respiratory muscles.

Causes tetanus

The cause of the disease is the bacterium Clostridium tetani. She gets into the wound and begins to produce a toxin that leads to symptoms of tetanus: muscle spasm, tension of the nerves, sensitivity, etc. At risk are primarily infants, the elderly, people who have not been vaccinated, working on farms and drug addicts. People are often forced to give injections, are also at greater risk. Any injury (including bites and burns) increases the risk of contracting tetanus.

The symptoms of tetanus

Still jaw spasm of the masticatory muscles, accompanied by a spasm of the neck, difficulty swallowing, the tension of the abdominal muscles, spasms, sweating and fever.

Complications

Complications of tetanus include: spasm of the vocal cords, difficulty breathing, arrhythmias, coma, death.

What you can do?

Wash all wounds and scratches mild antiseptic solution (hydrogen peroxide), disinfect and apply a clean, dry dressing.

What can a doctor?

If a man cut himself deeply, you should seek medical help. If the patient has not been inoculated (DTP or DT) in the last 10 years, the doctor can on the day the wound to be vaccinated. For serious injuries the doctor may be vaccinated if a patient for the last 10 years have not received DTP at least 3 times.

Preventative measures

The best way to prevent tetanus. Must be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected the wound.