These infections are transmitted from person to person through sexual contact. The most common STDs include genital herpes, chlamydia, human papilloma virus (HPV), genital warts (genital warts), chancroid and syphilis (chancre), gonococcal urethritis and vaginitis (gonorrhea) and NGU (non-specific) nature.
Here we look at just a few of them.
Chlamydia is a bacterial infection that is spread through vaginal, oral and anal sex. In women, chlamydia can cause inflammation of the cervix of the uterus and other pelvic organs that are located on the first cause of ectopic pregnancies and female infertility. In men, chlamydia infection leads to inflammation of the urethra and epididymis (the organ in which sperm is stored).
Gonorrhea, a bacterial disease caused by a Neisseria gonorrhoeae, is transmitted through vaginal, oral and anal sex. It usually occurs in people who have multiple sex partners, especially those who prefer unprotected intercourse. Gonorrhea is treated relatively easily, but in the absence of adequate and timely treatment can cause dangerous complications. Immunity to the gonococcus is not produced, and the person can become sick again. This disease manifests itself in men purulent discharge from the penis, pain and a burning sensation when urinating, itching in the anal opening, and (rarely) with severe pain in the gut with streaks of blood in the stool. Women have found pain and bleeding during vaginal sexual intercourse, pain or burning sensation when urinating, vaginal discharge yellow and red color, sharp pain, fever, and vaginal bleeding. Gonorrhea may become infected newborns while passing through the birth canal, with a few days after birth appear yellow purulent discharge from the eyes.
Genital herpes is a highly contagious viral disease that is transmitted by sexual contact and enters the body through the cracks in the skin. The causative agent of the disease is the second type of herpes virus. The main manifestations of last three to four weeks, include tingling or slight pain in the genital area, itching, small painful blisters and sores in the anus, buttocks or thighs, strong burning sensation, especially when in contact with urine, increasing the inguinal lymph nodes. Even after the disappearance of symptoms, the virus remains in the body for life, causing periodic exacerbations. For pregnant women, it is very important to cure herpes before childbirth, because the virus can be transmitted to the child during the passage through the birth canal. This can lead to blindness, brain damage and sometimes death of a child.
Syphilis is highly contagious infection caused by the spirochete and transmitted in all types of sexual intercourse. The most common disease among people with multiple sexual partners, especially for those who do not use barrier methods of contraception. The first stage of the disease begins about 10 days after infection and is manifested in the form of a painless chancre (ulcer) on the external genitals, anus, and fewer fingers, hands infection can be entered into the oral cavity. As a result, such as ulcers occur in the oral cavity and pharynx. Another characteristic symptom of enlarged lymph nodes. If untreated, the infection progresses, the two can go to the next stage. The most severe is the third. It is characterized by the appearance of skin rash all over the body (including the palms and soles), which may be permanent or periodically disappear, ulcers in the mouth and throat, swollen lymph nodes throughout the body, headache, pain in the bones, fever, loss of appetite, hair loss, meningitis (inflammation of the brain membranes). At this stage, there are serious complications, such as stroke, heart abnormalities, mental illness. This damage to the body, may be serious enough to cause death.
Trichomoniasis is a bacterial infection transmitted through sexual contact. It is called a single-celled parasite Trichomonas vaginalis. This parasite is betrayed during intercourse, women most frequently damaged the vagina and the urethra in men. Trichomoniasis often occurs without clinical symptoms (especially in men). Symptoms usually appear after 20 days of infection. In women, this can be a thick yellow-green vaginal discharge, pain during intercourse, foul odor from the vagina, vulva redness, itching, pain in the lower abdomen. The men – discharge from the penis, painful urination and difficulty.
Symptoms of STDs
– Unusual discharge from the genitals
– Various outgrowths of the mucous membrane of the external genital organs
– Wounds and sores
– A skin rash
– The pain or burning sensation when urinating.
What you can do?
If you think you have an STD, consult a doctor because only a doctor can confirm the diagnosis and begin treatment. Do not try to cure yourself.
Even if the symptoms are gone, you’re done designated course, because infection in the body may still be present.
Be sure to tell us to report the infection to a sex partner and make sure that he also spent a medication, or you may get infected again. Give up on the treatment of sex. Use condoms.
What can a doctor?
Doctor order tests. To confirm the presence of infection, you and your partner should get tested. After the examination, the physician should assign the appropriate therapy. The cure depends on the specific pathogen.