Rubella is a viral infection, in which a rash appears on the body, similar to the rash of measles in normal. But unlike measles, which is a serious, often life-threatening disease, rubella is less dangerous. However, if a woman becomes ill rubella during the first four months of pregnancy, there is a risk of infection of the fetus. Rubella, transferred in utero can lead to severe disease in children. After a lifetime immunity to rubella remains.
The causative agent of the disease is the rubella virus that is transmitted by airborne droplets. You can become infected by contact with a sick person for a certain period of time – a week before and two weeks after the onset of the rash.
Mild rubella usually does not require hospitalization. Her expression similar to symptoms of the common cold and include headache, redness of the eyes. The characteristic symptom is a rash of flat pink spots, which appear mainly on the face and then goes to the body and limbs. Usually it disappears within a few days. In some cases, mostly adults, inflammation occurs in the joints, accompanied arthralgias.
In some cases, swollen lymph nodes behind the ears and on the neck.
Complications of rubella
In case of infection of pregnant women in the early months of pregnancy, the likelihood of premature delivery (miscarriage) or birth of a child with developmental disabilities is 50%. Possible defects include:
– Congenital heart defectsf;
– Mental retardation;
– Cataracts and other eye defects;
– Defects of bone tissue
– Blood diseases;
What you can do?
Drink plenty of fluids. Take antipyretic drugs.
To prevent the further spread of the virus, stay home, avoid contact with pregnant women in the weeks before and two weeks after the onset of the rash.
If you are in early pregnancy (first three months) and do not know whether you have immunity against rubella, or suspect that you have caught it, immediately consult a doctor.
What can a doctor?
Doctor may hospitalize you or recommend treatment at home with a maximum limit of contacts.
If you are pregnant, the confirmation of the diagnosis the doctor may suggest abortion.
Vaccination is for children aged 1, 6 and 12 years of age, especially girls.