Meningitis is an inflammation of the soft membranes around the brain and spinal cord, which can be caused by bacteria and viruses. Bacterial meningitis and meningococcal septicemia are very serious diseases and are in need of urgent treatment with antibiotics.
Amebic meningitis – a rare and very serious disease, which, unfortunately, is almost always fatal. It is caused by an amoeba that lives in geothermal reservoirs, and it can be picked up through the nose when diving into the water with his head.
Viral meningitis is more common form than bacterial. It is not life threatening, but very weakens the human body. The virus can be spread by sneezing and coughing, as well as through the sewers, and as a result of poor hygiene.
The causes of meningitis
Many pathogens cause meningitis: meningococcus (Neisseria meningitis), pneumococci, Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib), Mycobacterium tuberculosis, E. coli, Group B strep bacteria, amoeba, viruses.
When the meningococcal carrier coughs or sneezes, the air-borne pathogen can instantly get other people, but, fortunately, not all ill meningitis. You can also get infected by kissing.
The symptoms of meningitis
If meningitis is suspected, the patient should consult a doctor or to hospital.
When the vomiting for high temperature, chills, severe headache, irritation in bright light, rigid muscles necks (the patient can not reach the chin to the neck), drowsiness and skin rash, joint pain or muscle pain, cramps, an urgent need for medical care.
Meningitis and meningococcal septicemia are not always immediately recognize as symptoms are very similar to flu-like. The incubation period ranges from 2 to 10 days. Symptoms may not all, and there is no consistency in the appearance. It is important to remember that the disease may be accompanied by other symptoms, which can be misleading.
Complications of meningitis
With pneumococcal meningitis is usually associated complications by ear.
Meningitis can lead to death (due to time), especially if you do not immediately seek medical attention.
What you can do?
If your friend is sick, or you suspect meningitis / meningococcal septicemia, consult a doctor immediately. Describe in detail the symptoms, tell us about their suspicions. If a local doctor is not available, immediately go to the nearest hospital, as if meningitis or meningococcal septicemia is urgently needed urgent medical help.
What can a doctor?
Admit, make a detailed examination, spinal tap done, the results will help determine which antibiotics will be most effective in the form of bacterial meningitis appoint intravenous antibiotics.
Some forms of meningitis can be prevented by vaccination. The vaccine is effective in 80% of vaccinated and is effective for only three years.