Called herpes infections that cause herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 (Herpesvirus hominis). The people referred to as cold sores on the lips of the common cold or fever. According to epidemiological studies of herpes is spread all over the place. By the age of forty, more than 90% of people have antibodies to the herpes virus, which means that they at least once in their lives have suffered this infection. Susceptibility to herpes infection and the severity of the disease depends on the state of the human immune system. The herpes simplex virus can infect the skin, mucous membranes, nervous system and internal organs.
The causes of the disease
The source of the infection are sick with fresh herpes sores and carriers shed virus into the environment. To infect a fairly simple getting the virus particles to the skin or mucous membranes. The virus is transmitted through contaminated objects: utensils, towels, toys, bedding and other For genital herpes infections are sexually transmitted, and most people become infected with the onset of sexual activity.
Special attention should be congenital herpes disease caused by infection of the fetus in utero. Intrauterine infection can occur in the case of the mother during pregnancy primary herpes infection with the virus from entering the bloodstream.
The symptoms of herpes
The incubation period ranges from 1 to 26 days.
When herpes simplex most commonly affects the facial skin around the lips and nostrils, oral mucosa. Less commonly, lesions are located on the forehead, cheeks, ears, back, genitals, fingers and other places.
12 days before the rash may experience swelling, redness, burning and itchy skin or mucous membranes. Then, in the site of the lesion appears crowded group of bubbles with clear content on inflamed base. After a few days the contents of the vesicles becomes cloudy, the bubbles burst and in their place are formed sores covered with crusts. In addition to local manifestations of herpes accompanied by malaise, weakness, in some cases – an increase in body temperature. Episode of herpes infection lasts for 12 weeks.
However, this does not stop the disease. The peculiarity of the herpes virus is that it is able to penetrate into the fibers and nerve ganglia, and remain therein for a long time in a latent (dormant) state. This explains the recurrent disease with periods of exacerbation and remission. Relapse can be triggered by the weakening of immunity, hypothermia, stress, nervous exhaustion and other Typically, new episodes of herpes is associated with recurrent infection dormant, not to re-infection.
In most cases, a doctor can make a diagnosis without conducting additional surveys based only on the appearance of the rash. In more complex cases may require virological content bubbles or blood test for antibodies to the herpes virus.
What you can do?
Almost every person at least once in their lives suffered herpes. It is clear that not all present with the disease to the doctor. It seems to be: 1-2 weeks and everything will pass. This position is not quite right. If from the very first episode of infection begin competent treatment, you can avoid relapses.
We strongly recommend that you immediately contact a doctor in case of herpes during pregnancy.
What can a doctor?
Treatment of patients with herpes infection is dependent on the localization of lesions, the severity of infection and immune status. In recent years a variety of effective antiherpetic agents. The most famous was the drug acyclovir. Depending on the specific form of the disease the doctor will suggest you the appropriate treatment regimen. It should be appreciated that antiviral drugs are not always able to prevent recurrences.
To prevent herpes include limiting close contact with infected people, and the use of condoms during sexual intercourse with sick form of genital herpes.
The main measure to prevent congenital herpes and neonatal herpes prevention pregnant from infection during pregnancy.