OverviewGenital herpes - frequently occurring infectious disease, which is accompanied by pain in the genital area. The source of the disease is a rash, which are vesicles. Diagnosis is based on symptoms and a characteristic rash appears, in the form of bubbles. Disease confirmed by microbiological study for the analysis of which the liquid droplet taken from one of the bubbles and grown in a special medium for 24-48 hours.
CausesGenital herpes is caused by herpes simplex virus of the family (Herpes simplex). The disease is usually transmitted through sexual contact. The virus can also be transmitted to her baby during childbirth if the mother at this time there is herpes infection in the active phase. In rare cases, infection can occur contagious in the toilet, the toilet, or other situations where it can build up a virus.
Previously it was believed that Herpes simplex type 1 causes the symptoms of colds and rashes as bubbles on the lips (herpes labialis), whereas Herpes simplex virus type 2 causes genital herpes. Currently two types of herpes virus are genital because transmitted, presumably, during oral sex with a partner who has herpes in an active form.
Symptoms of genital herpesThere is a painful condition which occurs when cold, accompanied by a rash blisters on the lips.
ComplicationsHerpes infection can be dangerous for infants. If you have suffered in the past, genital herpes, tell your doctor. If pregnancy infection becomes active phase, in order to avoid infection of the child during birth delivery is recommended with the use of cesarean section. Herpes in infants can cause serious neurological damage, blindness and even death.
What you can do?The condition may improve with warm baths seating, applying a wet compress with a mild saline solution. Admission aspirin or paracetamol to reduce pain. Care should be taken so that the affected area clean and dry. Do not apply ointments or other preparations for bubbles without prescription. Pregnant women with known or suspected herpes infection should consult a physician. Wash your hands after touching an infected area to avoid transferring the infection to other parts of the body. Because genital herpes is a highly contagious disease, care should be taken to avoid transmitting HIV to others. In any rashes in the genital area is required to consult a doctor. If a sexual partner, there are indications of a history of genital herpes, you should see a doctor, even in the absence of symptoms.
What can a doctor?The physician should make the diagnosis and prescribe appropriate therapy.
It is not known whether amenable to a complete cure genital herpes.
In severe exacerbation effective use of acyclovir and other antiviral drugs.