Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome - a disease that affects the body's defense system against infections. Even the most minor infection, from which a healthy body can easily get rid of, in patients with AIDS can lead to serious consequences.
Anthrax - an acute infectious disease, related to zoonoses, ie infection occurs through animals. Anthrax can occur in the form of pulmonary or intestinal forms, but the vast majority of cases refers to the skin form.
Influenza viruses are highly species-specific. This means that the viruses that infect an individual species (humans, certain species of birds, pigs, horses, and seals) stay "true" to that species, and only rarely spill over to cause infection in other species. But the problem is that if the flu virus the animals did jump the species barrier and infects the human body is completely exposed and unsuitable for such a disease. In fact, this is a new virus that our immune system is unknown, and therefore very dangerous.
Candidiasis - a disease caused by yeast-like fungi of the genus Candida, mainly Candida albisans.
Chickenpox - a contagious infectious disease in children occurs in a fairly easy manner, infants, adults, and people with weakened immune disease can take a much more severe.
Chronic hepatitis - a disease characterized by inflammation and necrosis of hepatic parenchyma, lasting for six months or more. In mild cases the disease has progressed or is progressing slowly. In severe cases of chronic hepatitis leads to progressive fibrosis and cirrhosis.
Cytomegalovirus belongs to the family of herpes viruses. Depending on the condition of the human immune system infection with CMV can cause a variety of changes, from asymptomatic and easy mononukleozopodobnogo syndrome to severe systemic infections with lesions of the lung, liver, kidneys and other organs.
Dengue fever, also known as dengue fever, an acute viral infection carried by the mosquito Aedes aegypti, which breeds in stagnant water bodies, and is active during the daylight hours. One symptom is a severe muscle pain.
Diagnosis of HIV infection
The course of HIV infection is characterized by a prolonged absence of significant specific symptoms. The acute phase begins within 3-6 weeks after infection, lasts for 1-2 weeks because of the specificity of the symptoms are not usually accepted for ordinary colds. During this period the patient may be concerned about a fever, swollen lymph nodes, headache, pains in the joints.
Erysipelas - a serious infectious disease, which is the external manifestations of progressive damage (inflammation) of the skin. The cause of the disease - streptococcus penetration through the damaged scratches, bruises, scrapes, intertrigo, etc. skin. If untreated, the patient threatened complications of the kidneys and cardiovascular system (rheumatic fever, nephritis, myocarditis).
Genital herpes - frequently occurring infectious disease, which is accompanied by pain in the genital area. The source of the disease is a rash, which are vesicles. Diagnosis is based on symptoms and a characteristic rash appears, in the form of bubbles
Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver, which in some cases is caused by a virus. This disease usually shows symptoms characteristic of influenza: fatigue, headache, loss of appetite, nausea or vomiting, fever.
Hepatitis A - viral infection, one of the most common causes of liver inflammation worldwide. Infection occurs primarily through contaminated food and water. Play a role in direct contact with the patient, as well as the use of the same dishes and shared toilet. The virus can persist in the hands of man hours, and the food at room temperature for longer.
Hepatitis B - is a systemic viral disease that is characterized by lesions of the liver and various extrahepatic manifestations. Hepatitis B can occur in the form of acute or chronic infection. Acute hepatitis B in 85-90% of cases end in recovery. In 10% of cases the infection takes a chronic nature.
Hepatitis C - is an infectious liver disease caused by hepatitis C virus infection to hepatitis C virus was realized, it is necessary that the material containing the virus (the blood of an infected person) got into the bloodstream of another person. More than 2% of the world's population is infected with the virus and each year the incidence of hepatitis C is increasing.
Herpes (skin and mucous membranes)
Called herpes infections that cause herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 (Herpesvirus hominis). The people referred to as cold sores on the lips of the common cold or fever
Infectious mononucleosis - a disease caused by an Epstein-Barr virus. It is characterized by fever, swollen lymph nodes, inflammation of the tonsils, and certain changes in blood cells.
Current advice: how do you know that you are sick? What should you do if you get sick? What are the warning signs? What are the medications and when they need to take?
If you notice that your skin is colored in yellow, and the sclera - the shell of the eyeballs - become yellow, you may have jaundice. Jaundice is not a separate disease, but rather a condition that indicates that the body is something wrong and you need medical supervision.
Leprosy, also called leprosy is a disease that affects skin and peripheral nerves. In severe cases, and internal organs are affected.
Lyme disease - an infectious disease caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi and is transmitted by ticks. It is characterized by a tendency to chronic and recurrent course and the primary lesion of the skin, nervous system, musculoskeletal, and heart.
Malaria is a serious infectious disease, mainly transmitted by mosquitoes to man kind of Anopheles. In addition, the disease can be transmitted from mother to fetus, transfusion of infected blood and through contact with the blood of an infected person (eg, reuse of syringes addicts).
Meningitis - an inflammation of the soft membranes around the brain and spinal cord, which can be caused by bacteria and viruses. Bacterial meningitis and meningococcal septicemia are very serious diseases and need urgent treatment with antibiotics.
Plague is a natural focal acute infectious disease. Characterized by fever, severe intoxication, axillary lymph nodes, skin and lungs. Is a particularly dangerous infection!
Rabies - a deadly infectious disease, occurring with a lesion of the nervous system. The most common infection occurs through the bite of an infected dog or cat. Treatment for rabies is not developed. However, there are effective methods of preventing this disease, which are as vaccination of the affected person and the introduction of rabies immune globulin, or serum.
Rubella is a viral infection, in which the body rash similar to measles rash at normal. But unlike measles, which is a serious, often life-threatening disease, rubella is less dangerous.
Scabies - parasitic skin disease characterized by intense nocturnal itching, scratching and the formation of the skin itch moves. Scabies mite causes Sarcoptes scabiei, popularly known as itch mites. Scabies does not pass spontaneously.
Sepsis is translated from the Greek means rot. This is a serious infectious disease of humans that develops as a systemic inflammatory response in contact with the blood of infectious agents (bacteria or single-celled fungi) or their toxins.
Diseases, sexually transmitted
These infections are transmitted from person to person through sexual contact. The most common STDs include genital herpes, chlamydia, human papilloma virus (HPV), genital warts (genital warts), chancroid and syphilis (chancre), gonococcal urethritis, and vaginitis (gonorrhea) and nongonococcal (nonspecific) nature.
Syphilis - a chronic systemic infectious disease, transmitted, usually through sexual intercourse. Undulating course of syphilis, with alternating periods of exacerbation and remitting symptoms.
Tetanus - an infectious disease that affects the nervous system. Tetanus enters the body through a wound or incision. Bacteria can enter the body, even through small wounds and scratches, but are especially dangerous deep wounds from nails or blades. The tetanus bacteria are everywhere: they are often found in soil, dust and manure. Tetanus leads to spasm of the masticatory and respiratory muscles.
Tick-borne encephalitis - a viral, natural-focal (characteristic only for certain areas) disease, mainly affecting the central nervous system. Carriers of infection are the ticks, the virus is transmitted by the bite of the tick patient. The infection can also affect and animals - rodents, cattle, monkeys, some birds.
Toxoplasmosis - a widespread parasitic disease of humans and animals, which is caused by protozoa microorganisms. Infection of humans occurs on domestic animals and rodents. The greatest danger is toxoplasmosis for pregnant women, as a result of infection can occur pregnant fetal death.
Contaminated food and drinks are a major cause of many problems c digestive system. Gastrointestinal diseases associated with impaired health standards, the most common in third world countries and remote areas of Russia. Most cases of travelers' diarrhea caused by various infectious agents hit in the gut.
Typhoid - a bacterial infection that affects the intestines first, then spreads to the liver, spleen and gall bladder. This is a highly contagious disease transmitted through food and water containing the pathogen. Even after the typhoid recovered person can for many years to be a carrier of bacteria that cause typhoid.
Under ureaplasmosis imply the presence of inflammation in the genitourinary system, which, in laboratory studies revealed Ureaplasma and found another agent. The most common infections are sexually transmitted ureaplasmosis contact with patients or carriers of disease.
Yellow fever - an acute viral disease that is transmitted by mosquitoes and characterized by severe changes in the blood, high body temperature, liver and kidneys.