GeneralItching in the vagina may result from vaginal infection (typically fungal), cystitis or rash (usually called hypersensitive to toiletries or synthetic underwear).
Fungal vaginal infections (vaginal candidiasis) is caused by yeast-like fungi of the genus Candida (Candida albicans), the disease is also called thrush.
Causes of candidiasisNormally the normal microflora of the vagina keeps the Candida overgrowth. However, sometimes the body produce conditions conducive to prosperity, growth and reproduction of microorganisms. These favorable conditions are:
- Antibiotics (they are detrimental to a healthy microflora, and thus weaken the body's defenses)
- Premenstrual changes in acid-base balance in the environment of the vagina;
- Hot and humid weather;
- Use of vaginal deodorants, bath salts and some soap;
- Sexual intercourse with a dry vagina (vaginal mucosa with irritated and weakened its defense)
- Using tampons.
Symptoms of candidiasisWomen suffering from thrush, complain of irritation and a burning sensation in the vagina, as well as copious, resembling cottage cheese.
What you can do?You can reduce the appearance of candida and prevent their re-occurrence of the following ways: do not wear tight synthetic underwear and pantyhose, do not use vaginal deodorants, shower gels, foams and bath salts; during intercourse and insertion of the tampon use water-based lubricants. Use special gels for maintaining acid-base balance in the vagina. In the treatment of repeated (recurrent) vaginal candidiasis using antifungals. They are widely available and are sold over the counter without a prescription. However, in some women, antifungal creams alone can cause irritation of the vagina.
Need to see a doctor in the following cases
- If symptoms of thrush appeared for the first time you have;
- If you happen more than three episodes of candidiasis in the year or you get sick the second time within two months
- If in spite of treatment, the symptoms do not disappear;
- If you are pregnant or breast-feeding;
- If there were symptoms such as pain in the abdomen, chest and back;
- If you are under 12 or over 60 years
- If you are taking medication for diabetes or immunosuppressive drugs.