During pregnancy the expectant mother is a series of hormonal and morphological transformations. Pregnancy makes a woman's body and activates the new requirements of all the vital processes of the body. That is why it is necessary that at the time of conception, your body was as healthy as possible.
Preparing for pregnancy is best to begin three months before the alleged conception. Please note that the proposed guidelines are for both partners.
What factors can affect conception and pregnancy- Age (the optimum age of a woman to conceive a child from 20 to 35 years, starting at age 35, women begin reducing the reproductive function and increased risk of having a baby with genetic disorders)
- The weight (it is known that a very low weight and obesity can lead to hormonal changes in the woman's body and prevent ovulation)
- Extragenital diseases (diabetes mellitus, other endocrine glands, kidney, liver, asthma, epilepsy)
- Genital infections (chlamydia, genital herpes, papillomatosis, syphilis, gonorrhea)
- Harmful occupational factors (contact with pesticides, lead, mercury, various inorganic dust, radioactive isotopes)
- The use of different drugs;
- Smoking and drinking alcohol during pregnancy
- Drug use, including marijuana (a change in the quality of sperm)
- Stress (stress may be one of the factors delay or lack of ovulation).
Recommendations for lifestyleDevelop a healthy lifestyle. You need a walk in the fresh air. Regular exercise will not only lead you in good physical shape, but also strengthen the muscles to pregnancy and childbirth. Particular attention should be paid to the back muscles and abdominals.
Eliminate from your diet foods that contain caffeine. It is believed that caffeine inhibits the reproduction of an organism. In addition, to avoid a lot of salt, smoked, fried and foods containing preservatives.
Increase the amount of fresh vegetables and fruits, as well as foods rich in folic acid: fresh greens, cabbage, beets, carrots, potatoes with skin, peas, beans, bran, seeds, nuts. In addition, a woman before conception is recommended during the 3 months of taking folic acid supplement.
For the 3 months prior to conception should stop drinking alcohol.
To cancel the reception of hormonal contraception should be at least 2-3 months prior to pregnancy, as their residual reduce the absorption of vitamin C, magnesium, folic acid and increase the absorption of vitamin A.
Do not take anabolic steroids because they can change the pituitary gland and the natural balance of hormones in the body.
If you are prescribed antibiotics, then plan a pregnancy should be no earlier than 2 months after the end of the course.
If you want to conceive a child, try to avoid stress. The best way to relax is to rest and relax on the sea or in the mountains.
Medical examPlanning a pregnancy, a woman must first consult a gynecologist, and her partner with andrologom. These doctors will give basic advice on preparing for conception.
Before a planned pregnancy for both partners should consult a physician. Sometimes prenatal testing can detect the disease, which until then she had no idea. If it is necessary, the therapist will refer you for further examination.
If you have a chronic illness such as diabetes or epilepsy, you should consult with your doctor. He may ask you to switch to a different treatment, as most medicines harmful to the developing fetus.
Before pregnancy should visit the dentist. Bad teeth is a source of infection. A pregnant woman is absolutely not what.
All women who are planning a pregnancy should consult an ophthalmologist. If a woman has vision problems, when they can be aggravated by pregnancy. For example, in progressive myopia is recommended by doctors delivery by caesarean section.
If any of the parents are close relatives suffer from a genetic disease, planning pregnancy, be sure to visit the doctor-geneticist. If necessary, he will send you to an additional examination to determine the degree of risk. Women over 35 years old who want to have a baby, genetics consultation absolutely necessary.
The required vaccinations and testsBefore deciding on pregnancy, a woman should be returned to CBC: the majority of women before pregnancy you need to take iron supplements to prevent anemia and the risk of fetal hypoxia.
Both partners should get tested for sexually transmitted infections by: HIV, Chlamydia, mycoplasma, etc. ureaplasmas Upon detection of these infections should always be treated as they can lead to infection of the fetus and the difficulty of pregnancy.
Before conceiving both spouses should do chest x-rays, since the time of pregnancy conduct of this research method allowed.
If a woman does not hurt rubella, then before you get pregnant, you should have a blood test for antibodies to the infection. If immunity should not necessarily be vaccinated. The fact that rubella, transferred during pregnancy may threaten the life of the fetus or cause the severe malformations.
Keep in mind that after vaccination against rubella before pregnancy must be at least 3 months.
Correct the season and the time for conceptionThe ideal season for conception is autumn and early winter. In this case, the birth of a child will be in the spring and summer. Likelihood of vitamin D deficiency in the child will be lower.
The best time for conception is ovulation, when an output of mature egg from the ovarian follicle into the fallopian tubes. Ovulation occurs about 2 weeks before the expected start of the next menstrual period.
Some of the women to determine the time of ovulation using graph of the rectal temperature. Currently on the market there are special tests that accurately determine the time of ovulation.
Sexual lifeA common misconception is that the most effective way is the daily sex for a week around the time of ovulation. The fact that at such frequent sexual intercourse the sperm do not have time to be produced, and the sperm is poor in them. Relax, have sex every other day, and remember that the sperm in the female body is living another 72 hours after ejaculation.
The most favorable position for conception "man on top" and "a man behind". The probability of conception increases if the woman is in the supine position for 20-30 minutes after ejaculation.