Miscarriage, also known as spontaneous abortion – is the expulsion of a product of conception, that is, fetus from the uterus before it is capable of independent existence (up to 20 weeks gestation). Early miscarriages occur in the first trimester of pregnancy and occurs in 10-30% of women. This can happen for so early in pregnancy that a woman can still do not even know that she is pregnant. Signs of miscarriage with almost no, unusually painful menstruation.


Early miscarriage

– Defect in the embryo, fetus or placenta.
– Infectious diseases such as mumps, chicken pox, measles, rubella.
– Hormonal imbalance (deficiency of essential hormones – progesterone).
– An autoimmune response when cells of the immune system of the mother damage the fetus.

Late miscarriage

– Placental pathology and cervical cancer.
– The action of toxic substances, including certain drugs, cigarette smoke, alcohol, chemicals.

Miscarriage. Symptoms

– Persistent vaginal discharge
Bleeding in conjunction with a pain in the center of the lower abdomen and sometimes back pain.
– The presence of blood clots in the vaginal discharge.

What you can do?

Please report any abnormal discharge your doctor.

Seek help if you have heavy bleeding, regardless of whether there are any associated symptoms, particularly if you have had a miscarriage in the past.

While you wait for help, lie on your back with your feet elevated position and try to relax.

What can a doctor?

The doctor will examine the history of the disease and conduct a pelvic exam.
To assess the condition of the fetus you will be assigned to ultrasound. With the threat of miscarriage requires immediate hospitalization. If the doctor confirms that the miscarriage has already taken place, it will perform the procedure dilatation and curettage. The purpose of scraping is the complete removal of residues of the fetus and placenta tissue.

Preventative measures

If you do not overexert physically pregnancy, especially if you have already had a miscarriage.

Tell your doctor about any unusual discharge during pregnancy.
Avoid exposure to infections such as mumps, chicken pox and measles, and do not be exposed to radiation.

Tell your doctor or dentist about your pregnancy before any medical procedures.

Tell your doctor if you have a fever. Perhaps it is a symptom of other diseases that can lead to miscarriage.

Do not drink alcohol, smoke or take drugs without a prescription. Consult your doctor before taking any medication.

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