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Inflammatory Diseases of the Uterus and Cervix

General

The uterine cavity is lined by columnar epithelium, which is called the endometrium. In cervix isolated vaginal two parts, which as well as the vagina is lined by stratified squamous epithelium, and the cervical canal. Cervical canal, like the uterus is lined by columnar epithelium and is called the endocervix. In this article, we have combined an inflammatory disease of the uterus and cervical canal and endometritis endocervicitis. These diseases have similar pathogens and often go hand in hand.

Reasons

The agents of endometritis and endocervicitis most often are Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis. In the case of ascending infection (which is raised by a female genital tract from the vagina) agents may be Pervotella spp., Peptostreptococcus spp., Gardnerella vaginalis, Haemaphilus influenzae, Streptococcus pyogenes, and others.

Symptoms

Typical signs of inflammatory diseases of the uterus and the cervix is fever, pain in the abdomen, especially on palpation, muco-purulent discharge from the genitals. In some cases are asymptomatic, which leads to later diagnosis and increase the risk of complications.

Diagnostics

Gynecologist conducts gynecological examination, pelvic ultrasound. In some cases, you may need a laparoscopy.

In a laboratory study reveals increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate, leukocytosis, during infection Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, and others.

Treatment

Depending on the severity of the condition, the treatment can be performed in a hospital or at home. Antibiotics are the mainstay of therapy. In the case of diagnosis of gonorrhea or chlamydia is recommended to undergo treatment for both partners.

Complications

In the absence of treatment of the ascending infection from the uterine cavity may spread and lead to parametritis, salpingoophoritis, pelveoperitonitis