GeneralThe diagnosis of "infertility" if a married couple for years of sexual activity without protection can not conceive. You have to understand that this in no way means that the couple will never be able to have children. In many cases, infertility can be successfully treated.
Causes of infertilityAccording to statistics, 40% of infertile couples can not conceive a child due to problems associated with male health, 40% - because of the problems of women and in 20% - a combined infertility, when there is a combination of male and female infertility. Any irregularities in the process of maturation of gametes and fertilization process may condition the impossibility of conceiving.
The most common causes of male infertility are inflammatory and infectious diseases (prostatitis, urethritis), obstruction of the seminiferous tubules, testicular varicose veins, hormonal disorders, psychosexual disorders, reduced potency.
The causes of female infertility include infectious and inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs, hormonal disorders, obstruction of the fallopian tubes, anatomical defects of the uterus, endometriosis and others.
What you can do?Infertility treatment should be competent gynecologist or urologist. Do not self-medicate! Do not resort to alternative medicine! If you are trying to conceive a child without result more than a year, you should always consult a doctor. Procrastination can be dangerous and lead to irreparable consequences.
What can a doctor?You have to properly find the cause of infertility. The survey men includes inspection and palpation of the male sex organs, digital examination of the prostate, ultrasound of the prostate and testicles. The most informative method for investigating male fertility is the semen analysis. In preparation for analysis, should minimize smoking and drinking (sperm quality decreases sharply) if 3-5 day abstinence from sexual activity.
The methods of study, the women include:
- Gynecological examination;
- Swabs from the vaginal mucosa;
- Analysis of the menstrual calendar;
- Pelvic ultrasound;
- Investigation of hormonal status;
- Hysterosalpingography to check the patency of the fallopian tubes;
- Hysteroscopy endoscopic examination of the uterus;
- Endometrial biopsy sampling a piece of endometrial histology.
The plan of therapy is based on the cause infertility. Treatment can be surgical or medical.