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Contraception. Hormonal Method

Pills - the most famous of hormonal methods of contraception. And the most common: About 60 million women in the world are taking oral contraceptives (OC).


As compared to the previous generation of drugs which contained 50 or more mg of estrogen (hormone that causes most unpleasant side effects) OK modern low doses of this hormone: less than 35 mg, and some did not include it. However, their efficiency is not lower.

Research shows that tablets do not impair a woman's body. Instead, they reduce the risk of developing anemia, because host OK menstruation becomes less abundant, and thus less valuable lost hemoglobin. OK not interrupt an existing pregnancy and fertility resumed almost soon after stopping the pill.

There are two varieties of hormonal contraceptives:

Low-dose combined oral contraceptives.


App can be used for emergency contraception, condom broke, a sudden flash of passion...

The method is based on taking massive doses of hormonal medication. It is not surprising that doctors recommend to resort to it only in cases of emergency. If you swallow tablets no later than 72 hours after unprotected intercourse, the hormones stop ovulation. However, if conception has already taken place, to terminate a pregnancy can not be.

To make better use of emergency contraception minipill or special pills with levonorgestrel high.


Very effective drugs - when used correctly, constant probability of getting pregnant is only 1 in 1000.

The structure of COCs include estrogen and progesterone - the two natural female hormone. A typical package contains 21 tablets, after the end of the cycle to take a break for a week. There are packages and 28 tablets, but 7 of them "dummy" of a different color - the so-called reminiscent of pills that help keep to the rhythm. After OK to be taken every day, preferably at the same time. If you missed taking one tablet, the case can be corrected by taking two pieces the next day. But if you missed two or more days during the week is to insure, for example a condom.

How to act?

First, pills suppress ovulation, preventing the release of an egg from the ovary. Secondly, the thickened mucus, making it difficult for the penetration of sperm into the uterus.


The method is reliable and thus completely reversible: can conceive after 2 weeks - several months after discontinuation of OK (depending on individual factors).
Suitable pills for women of any age, give birth and childless.
Reduce the risk of some forms of cancer (especially endometrial and ovarian cancer), inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs, benign tumors of the mammary glands, reducing the risk of ectopic pregnancy. Prevent the development of iron deficiency anemia.
Do not require interruption of reception: they can drink as long as you wish.
Orders the menstrual period: They are not only regular, but less abundant and less painful.


Some women in the early months may have intermenstrual discharge, mild nausea, mild headache or dizziness, upset stomach, may be a slight increase in weight. This usually occurs when the rhythm gets off the drug.
Not suitable tablet nursing mothers because they can cause a decrease in the amount of breast milk or deterioration of its quality.
Do not take them if you have high blood pressure, migraine, ischemic heart disease, diabetes, complicated by vascular disease, and pregnancy is suspected. Combined OK contraindicated ladies who have or have had breast cancer, stroke.

Heavy smokers over age 35 tablets are contraindicated because of the risk of cardiovascular disease.

At first, cause mood swings or decreased sex drive, usually after 3 months of regular use it passes.
Does not protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs).


Prescribing, as a rule, breast feeding to young mothers. The fact that the tablets do not estrogen and progesterone is low, therefore they do not affect the quality and quantity of milk. Likely to become pregnant at their reception - from 0.5 to 1%.

How to act?

The effect of these pills follow the natural processes of the female body during breast-feeding. The contraceptive effect is based on thickening the mucus at the entrance of the cervix.

About half of women minipill suppress ovulation.


Does not affect the quantity and quality of breast milk.
Do not increase the risk of heart attacks and strokes, as estrogen-containing drugs.
Do not cause weight gain or the appearance of acne.
Reduce risk of benign breast disease, endometrial and ovarian cancer, inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs.
The ability to conceive recovers much faster than when taking combined oral.


Need more personal attention, as they should be taken strictly by the hour, at one and the same time. If you are late more than 3 hours, the next two days will have to use the extra insurance when having sex.
Can change the character of menstruation (amenorrhea, irregular, more abundant and prolonged bleeding, discharge between periods).
Sometimes a headache, and breast nagrubayut and become painful..